Technological Innovation


The Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Foundation Presents

02:26

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About

Interviewees discuss the evolution of video and broadcast technology.

Highlights
Julia Child on The French Chef's switch from black and white to color
02:00
Joseph M. Wilcots on being the first African-American to join the camera union
06:05
Lighting Director Imero Fiorentino on Telstar I, the satellite that relayed the first live transatlantic transmission on July 10, 1962— the American flag outside the sending station at Andover, Maine
03:28
Hector Ramirez on the most significant advancement to his field - the mini-cam
00:44
Film editor Dann Cahn on the new technology (multiple moviola) developed for editing I Love Lucy
02:24
Timothy Van Patten on how technology has influenced directing
00:44
Who talked about this topic

Edie Adams

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Edie Adams on The Ernie Kovacs Show being filmed in lenticular color
03:27

Robert Adler

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Robert Adler on Zenith focusing on television after World War II
03:08
Robert Adler on working for Zenith head E.F. McDonald
01:37
Robert Adler on the state of Zenith in the late '40s
06:43
Robert Adler on his duties in the research department at Zenith
01:35
Robert Adler on the innovations that came out of Zenith's research department when he was head of it
04:45
Robert Adler on Zenith's acquisition of the Rauland Corporation in 1948
02:59
Robert Adler on how the development of the remote control came about for Zenith
03:52
Robert Adler on the importance to Zenith of coming up with the remote control
03:45
Robert Adler on ultrasonic remote control devices and the battery
09:04
Robert Adler on remote control sets going into production and on the remote control system's name, Space Command
05:52
Robert Adler on how Zenith modified the remote control over the years and the popularity of the product
01:46
Robert Adler on his own personal use of the Space Command remote control and being dubbed the father of the remote control
04:05
Robert Adler on the then-future of the remote control
00:59
Robert Adler on being head of the research facility at Zenith in the '40s
02:45
Robert Adler on Zenith dealing with competitors and on selecting the projects his team at Zenith worked on
02:33
Robert Adler on working on the gated beam while at Zenith
05:52
Robert Adler on Zenith not producing equipment for broadcasters like cameras or transmitter equipment
02:35
Robert Adler on Zenith working on a prototype television projection system in 1966
02:31
Robert Adler on developing the video laser disc, which would eventually become the DVD
06:44
Robert Adler on retiring from Zenith to become a consultant and on the development of HDTV and touch-screen technology
07:16
Robert Adler on Zenith's place in television history
05:04
Robert Adler on the then-current state of television and the then-future of television
01:02
Robert Adler on advice to aspiring television scientists and inventors 
02:38
Robert Adler on his many patents and how he'd like to be remembered 
01:16
Robert Adler on precision molded plastics and touch-screen technology
07:02

Howard Anderson, Jr.

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Howard Anderson Jr. on the advent of color
01:22

Janet Ashikaga

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Editor Janet Ashikaga on farming out special effects 
01:01
Editor Janet Ashikaga on different editing systems
01:10
Editor Janet Ashikaga on film versus video
01:15
Editor Janet Ashikaga on how computers and digital formats have changed editing
02:58

Thomas Azzari

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Thomas Azzari on technological developments in television since he started his career
04:01

Buddy Baker

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Buddy Baker on the opening of The Wonderful World of Color
02:26

Bob Banner

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Bob Banner on directing The Dinah Shore Chevy Show, the first regular color broadcast
07:08

Paris Barclay

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Paris Barclay on how technology affects his directing process
00:37

Richard Bare

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Richard L. Bare on directing Petticoat Junction a nd shooting episodes in color
04:29

Ted Bergmann

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Ted Bergmann on DuMont's work with color television
01:35
Ted Bergmann on DuMont and RCA's color television systems
04:13
Ted Bergmann on technological innovations at DuMont, including television transcription
03:07
Ted Bergmann on technological innovations at DuMont, including the Electronicam System
11:06
Ted Bergmann on the evolution of video tape
05:04

Milton Berle

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Milton Berle on the technological innovations that occurred during the early years of Texaco Star Theater
03:24

Rick Berman

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Rick Berman on the visual effects of Star Trek: The Next Generation
03:09

Linda Bell Blue

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Linda Bell Blue on technological advances in the production of Entertainment Tonight
04:45

George Bodenheimer

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George Bodenheimer on launching ESPN-HD
02:09
George Bodenheimer on announcing ESPN-3D and a conversation with Disney's Bob Iger
01:45

Paul Bogart

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Paul Bogart on how videotape changed directing
01:26
Paul Bogart on the effect of color TV on his work
01:13

Haskell Boggs

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Haskell Boggs on his impressions of early television and the advent of color television, pioneered by David and Tom Sarnoff
05:44

Mili Lerner Bonsignori

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Mili Lerner Bonsignori on how video tape impacted documentary editing; on her Emmy nominations
03:53
Mili Lerner Bonsignori on how video tape impacted TV programs
02:10

Garrett Brown

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Garrett Brown on inventing the Steadicam and the Arm
19:39
Garrett Brown on inventing the Skycam
07:27
Garrett Brown on the final form of the Steadicam, and on how the Steadicam works
05:24

Alton Brown

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Alton Brown on the philosophy of and developing the visual style of Good Eats
07:53

Kirk Browning

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Director Kirk Browning on doing the first color and videotaped shows for NBC Opera Theatre
05:12

Frances Buss Buch

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Frances Buss Buch on early CBS TV technology and directing color tests and demonstrations
04:33

Ken Burns

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Ken Burns on the use of technology in his work
04:47

Sid Caesar

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Performer Sid Caesar on the first sketch he did that used split screen on Your Show of Shows
01:35
Sid Caesar on the end of "live TV" with the introduction of videotape in the mid-to-late 1950s
01:33

Dann Cahn

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Film editor Dann Cahn on the new technology (multiple moviola) developed for editing I Love Lucy
02:24
Dann Cahn on film editing in the 1930s and burning nitrate film for silver
02:58
Film editor Dann Cahn on the new technology developed for I Love Lucy
01:30
Film editor Dann Cahn on the new technology developed for I Love Lucy
02:18
Film editor Dann Cahn on going from optical to magnetic soundtracks and using the "monster" moviola
05:27
Film editor Dann Cahn on the first process shot for television -- and his first time directing
02:41
Editor Dann Cahn on his preference for the moviola over flatbed editing system
02:13
Editor Dann Cahn on nonlinear editing and computer editing and how they compare to older methods of editing
06:51

Jim Cantore

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Jim Cantore on early hurricane warnings and storm surge warnings
02:54
Jim Cantore on how the technology of weather forecasting has changed
03:12

Steve Carlin

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Steve Carlin on being involved in an early attempt at interactive television
02:08

Glenn Gordon Caron

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Glenn Gordon Caron on the 3D episode of Medium (which was also the first HD broadcast)
02:14

Gilbert Cates

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Gilbert Cates on how technology has affected The Academy Awards
02:08

Leo Chaloukian

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Leo Chaloukian on Ryder Sound Services working in television with magnetic sound
00:58
Leo Chaloukian on sound pioneer Loren Ryder's inventions and innovations
08:50
Leo Chaloukian on demonstrating the original Nagra Recorder given to him by Loren Ryder; on the 6 microphone input recorder invented by Ryder
02:42
Leo Chaloukian on demonstrating the original magnetic tape manufactured in the 1940s by Ryder Sound
01:05
Leo Chaloukian on demonstrating the ribbon microphone
01:11

Stan Chambers

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Stan Chambers on how the definition on the early television cameras almost prevented him from being on-camera
01:53
Stan Chambers on anchoring KTLA's evening news in 1958 (and using an improvised prompting system)
02:04
Stan Chambers on KTLA's invention and use of the first news helicopter, the "telecopter" in 1958
05:51
Stan Chambers on KTLA's breaking the news story of the Rodney King beating by Los Angeles police officers
11:04
Stan Chambers on a photo of a 1952 live remote of an atomic bomb test in Nevada
00:38
Stan Chambers on a photo of the maiden voyage of KTLA's telecopter
00:33

Tony Charmoli

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Tony Charmoli on his introduction to television and his first job in the new medium
06:08
Tony Charmoli on differences between choreographing for theater versus television
03:24
Tony Charmoli on participating in color experimentation for TV
06:02
Tony Charmoli on experimenting with Chroma-Key while working on The Dinah Shore Show
02:34
Tony Charmoli on how choreography evolved over time for television versus the stage
01:42
Tony Charmoli on choreographing for the variety-series The Julie Andrews Hour
00:42
Tony Charmoli on commentary on B-roll footage of the monolithic era of TV
00:51
Tony Charmoli on commentary on B-roll footage of the use of Chroma-Key while working with Dinah Shore
01:06

Julia Child

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Julia Child on The French Chef's switch from black and white to color
02:00

Sam Christaldi

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Sam Christaldi on his early involvement in television 
02:38
Sam Christaldi on the first time he saw television and the early "flicker" of television pictures
02:09
Sam Christaldi on the early mechanical television
05:52
Sam Christaldi on how he came to work for Du Mont
02:51
Sam Christaldi on building television sets in the late '30s
02:32
Sam Christaldi on Du Mont building television sets for the public
03:12
Sam Christaldi on the early television tube receivers at Du Mont
05:04
Sam Christaldi on the strength of early television signals and programming
03:27
Sam Christaldi on television signals
05:44
Sam Christaldi on early television demonstrations 
02:00
Sam Christaldi on Du Mont's model 180 TV set
03:16
Sam Christaldi on Du Mont and the 1939 World's Fair and the early price of television sets
02:34
Sam Christaldi on the two TV stations that started broadcasting in 1939
06:00
Sam Christaldi on the early television cameras
02:47
Sam Christaldi on testing early TV tubes
04:50
Sam Christaldi on Du Mont's effect on television technical standards
03:26
Sam Christaldi on why television sets did not have a channel 1 and the difference between VHF and UHF
03:47
Sam Christaldi on on Du Mont's activities during World War II
04:48
Sam Christaldi on Du Mont's post-war activities
04:10
Sam Christaldi on Du Mont's Wanamaker studio
01:34
Sam Christaldi on sharing television technology between companies and television technology patents 
05:04
Sam Christaldi on Du Mont's Electronicam
02:02
Sam Christaldi on innovations produced by Du Mont laboratories and the superiority of Du Mont television sets
02:53
Sam Christaldi on the advent of color television and the 1949 hearing for color television technological standards
06:35
Sam Christaldi on his other responsibilities at Du Mont and giving up development
02:28
Sam Christaldi on the technological work done on television prior to World War II
01:48

Alf Clausen

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Alf Clausen on how the advent of digital music affected his work on The Simpsons
04:05

John Conte

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John Conte on his early television series John Conte's Little Show, and on the invention of the teleprompter
09:25
John Conte on cable television's impact on his television station KMIR
02:28

Bill Conti

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Bill Conti on the technical processes in place for conducting the orchestra at The Academy Awards
01:01

Joan Ganz Cooney

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Joan Ganz Cooney on color television
00:24
Joan Ganz Cooney on struggling public TV stations -relegated to the undesirable UHF (Ultra High Frequency) range of the broadcast spectrum
00:43
Joan Ganz Cooney on The Children's Television Workshop's investments in cable systems
02:14
Joan Ganz Cooney on the online services of The Children's Television Workshop and the digital channel in the works with Nickelodeon
02:58

Bob Costello

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Bob Costello on being a unit manager at NBC when the network was experimenting with color tV
02:07

Walter Cronkite

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Walter Cronkite on seeing a television for the first time at the 1933 World's Fair
01:51
Walter Cronkite on the challenges and technological innovations behind covering a live political event
06:03
Walter Cronkite on the use of the Univac to predict election results in the 1952 Presidential election
02:40
Walter Cronkite on covering the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in London in 1953, and the technical challenges that presented, including fighter pilots, and the Canadian Royal Air Force
05:38
Walter Cronkite on the advent of the Teleprompter on the 50s program You Are There
02:07

William Daniels

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William Daniels on appearing on an experimental television broadcast in 1943
00:58

Michael Dann

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Michael Dann on the coming of digital programming and sets
01:04
Michael Dann on David Sarnoff's desire to sell color television sets and the importance of shooting variety shows in color
01:56
Michael Dann on the cable industry and evolving technology
07:36
Michael Dann on the prospect of digital cable
00:20

Joe DeTullio

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Joe DeTullio on the use of duratrans on Saturday Night Live
01:35
Joe DeTullio on not using technology when designing, and drafting by hand
01:47

Danny DeVito

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Danny DeVito on the value of television and its future on the internet

Sam Denoff

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Sam Denoff on first seeing television at the 1939 World's Fair
01:03

George Spiro Dibie

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George Spiro Dibie on how new technology is always a work in progress
01:06

Robert Dickinson

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Robert Dickinson on new lighting technology used for the Atlanta Olympics
03:20
Robert Dickinson on the next big thing in lighting and how television lighting has changed
02:40

Roy E. Disney

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Roy E. Disney on seeing television in 1939 and his uncle Walt Disney's embracing of the new technology
02:42
Roy Disney on becoming the head of Walt Disney Animation and some of the projects and technologies produced during his tenure
14:29

Ray Dolby

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Ray Dolby on the theory behind video tape recording and bringing the theory to life
05:39
Ray Dolby on developing an all electronic system for synchronizing sound and his first patent at Ampex
01:33
Ray Dolby on his early contributions to the video tape recorder
03:24
Ray Dolby on creating a pulse FM system for modulating the signal going to video tape
01:05
Ray Dolby on his patents on the video tape recorder
03:26
Ray Dolby on the basics of his noise reduction system
02:37
Ray Dolby on adapting Dolby noise reduction for motion pictures
09:55
Ray Dolby on how theater owners reacted to his movie sound system and the first films to use it
03:23
Ray Dolby on adapting to new digital sound formats
12:51
Ray Dolby on the then-future of sound on television
01:19

Phil Donahue

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Phil Donahue on his recollections of Ampex video 
02:21

Elinor Donahue

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Elinor Donahue on family friend Dick Lane's friendship with Klaus Landsberg and her start in experimental television
04:29

Richard Donner

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Richard Donner on technology's affect on film and television
01:58

David Dortort

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David Dortort on pitching Bonanza to NBC and Tom Sarnoff helping to get it on the air and shot in color
04:49
David Dortort on the popularity of Bonanza, on the effect of the show being in color, and on the sponsorship of the show by General Motors
02:55

Hugh Downs

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Hugh Downs on differences between live and taped television programs and how they impact moral obligations
01:51
Hugh Downs on how Today evolved during his tenure on the program
00:41
Hugh Downs on how color television affected Today (and how his colorblindness affects his job)
01:30

Betty Cole Dukert

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Betty Cole Dukert on the first color broadcast of Meet the Press
02:15
Betty Cole Dukert on utilizing early satellite link-ups for Meet the Press
08:21

Dick Enberg

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Dick Enberg on how technology has changed sports broadcasting since he started
01:23

Nanette Fabray

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Nanette Fabray on the first time she saw television, and on being NBC's "color girl" for General David Sarnoff
03:33

Elma Farnsworth

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Elma Farnsworth on Philo's idea for electronic television
01:46
Elma Farnsworth on her husband Philo patenting television in 1927
05:35
Elma Farnsworth on the reaction of her and her husband, inventor Philo T. Farnsworth (and colleagues Cliff Gardner and Carl Christensen), on September 7, 1927 when he produced the first all-electronic TV picture (a simple straight line) with his Image Dissector tube
04:54
Elma Farnsworth on the drawbacks to mechanical disc television and the obstacles Philo encountered when creating electronic television
01:43
Elma Farnsworth on Vladimir Zworykin at RCA copying Philo T. Farnsworth's image dissector for RCA's electronic television system
00:52
Elma Farnsworth on her husband Philo T. Farnsworth lobbying for a commercial television license
01:23
Elma Farnsworth on her husband Philo T. Farnsworth's battle with RCA for electronic television's patents
06:10
Elma Farnsworth on RCA licensing Philo T. Farnsworth's patents in 1939 - the first time RCA ever licensed a patent 
08:35
Elma Farnsworth on her husband Philo T. Farnsworth's input on commercial broadcast standards for the United States
01:13
Elma Farnsworth on her husband Philo T. Farnsworth's camera tube being a part of the Apollo mission to the moon in 1969
01:04

Norman Felton

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Norman Felton on Studio One going from live to video tape and live television falling out of favor
02:19

Mike Fenton

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Mike Fenton on now new technologies have impacted casting
01:19

Bob Finkel

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Bob Finkel on his experience with color television
02:42

Imero Fiorentino

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Lighting Director Imero Fiorentino on Telstar I, the satellite that relayed the first live transatlantic transmission on July 10, 1962— the American flag outside the sending station at Andover, Maine
03:28
Imero Fiorentino on the equipment with which he worked in the early days
03:19
Imero Fiorentino on the tools of a lighting director and how the tools have changed over the years
09:21
Lighting Director Imero Fiorentino on working with new technology
22:36

Les Flory

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Les Flory on the development of the television pick up tube in the 1930s
02:09
Les Flory on the differences between the early mechanical and electronic television systems
02:22
Les Flory on his involvement with the development of color television and the controversy over the CBS and RCA systems
05:43
Les Flory on how much he was aware of the work of Philo T. Farnsworth, and differences between Farnsworth's system and RCA's
01:59
Les Flory on a 1956 photo of a backpack television transmitter (made for the 1956 political conventions)
01:25
Les Flory on a photo of image orthicon tubes
03:18

Sonny Fox

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Sonny Fox on the primitive technology on Candid Microphone
01:51
Sonny Fox on the beginning of television
01:23

Richard Frank

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Richard Frank on seeing the future of new media and vertical integration 
04:46
Richard Frank on the effect of the internet on programming now and in the future
05:51

John Frankenheimer

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John Frankenheimer on the challenges of color television
03:33
John Frankenheimer on every 3rd episode of Climax! being in color
03:32
John Frankenheimer on videotape
01:42

Stanley Frazen

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Stanley Frazen on the mutli-head movieloa innovation, which he used while editing early television shows

Tom Freston

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Tom Freston on digital channels and branding
02:13

Gerald Fried

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Gerald Fried on using videotapes to help compose
00:28
Gerald Fried on the business side of television music and how the Internet has affected it
00:14

Harry Friedman

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Harry Friedman on how emerging technologies have affected Wheel of Fortune
01:57
Harry Friedman on Wheel of Fortune  and Jeopardy!  switching to high definition 
03:41

Murray Fromson

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Murray Fromson on the technology they used to report on the 1960 presidential convention for NBC News, and a problem he had with film when reporting for CBS News
02:38

Michael Fuchs

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Michael Fuchs on the early technical aspects of HBO
03:20
Michael Fuchs on the advent of "multiplexing" programming
02:10
Michael Fuchs on HBO's foray into international programming and the use of satellites to deliver programming
03:11
Michael Fuchs on the future of television
11:25

Larry Gelbart

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Larry Gelbart on his fight to keep a laugh track off of M*A*S*H
02:09

Lesli Linka Glatter

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Lesli Linka Glatter on how technology has changed directing
01:04

Lewis Gomavitz

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Lewis Gomavitz on working at an experimental television station
07:00
Lewis Gomavitz on the kinds of cameras and other equipment used at the experimental television station he worked at
03:52
Lewis Gomavitz on Kukla, Fran & Ollie being used for tests of color broadcasts
03:34

Julian Gomez

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Julian Gomez on the switch over to digital editing in the 1990s
02:20

Julian Goodman

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Julian Goodman on NBC being the first network to broadcast in color
01:49

Curt Gowdy

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Curt Gowdy on the 1964 and 1968 Olympic games and the importance of satellite feeds
03:23

Herb Granath

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Herb Granath on hiring Jack Healy to help run ABC's new cable TV programming
07:28
Herb Granath on ABC's entrance into the cable TV business
19:46

Paul Henning

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Paul Henning on appearing on experimental television in 1929
02:26
Paul Henning on shifting from black and white to color on The Beverly Hillbillie s
02:55

Arthur Hiller

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Arthur Hiller on what he felt was lost when the technology changed from "live" television to tape
02:32
Arthur Hiller on NBC Matinee Theater being broadcast in color
01:31
Arthur Hiller on moving from "live" to film television
05:08
Arthur Hiller on the difference between working in "live" television and taped television
01:40

Leslie Hoffman

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Leslie Hoffman on technical advances in digital effects since she started as a stunt person
01:35

Stanley Hubbard

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Stanley Hubbard on the early transmission and technology of television stations
04:44
Stanley Hubbard on the rise of color television and cable
01:38
Stanley Hubbard on KSTP News' weather radar
00:28
Stanley Hubbard on his father pursuing technological innovation in television, and the stations making the transition to color
05:39
Stanley Hubbard on the technological advancement of using videotape in news broadcasts and Electronic News Gathering (ENG)
04:01
Stanley Hubbard on the then-current state of HBO and Hubbard Broadcasting's acquisition of United States Satellite Broadcasting Company and Direct Broadcast Satellite
05:58
Stanley Hubbard on the growth of satellite television in the '80s and '90s
01:57
Stanley Hubbard on his 1991 agreement with DIRECTV
02:36
Stanley Hubbard on the death of his father and creating a satellite news gathering truck
03:22
Stanley Hubbard on creating a satellite news gathering truck (CONUS)
03:28
Stanley Hubbard on KSTP starting to broadcast a digital signal in 1999
04:41
Stanley Hubbard on the technical aspects of switching over to digital television and the then-future of interactive television
04:31
Stanley Hubbard on the then-current state of television advertising and DVR technology
03:32
Stanley Hubbard on the then-future of television advertising and the impact of the internet on television
03:05

Gwen Ifill

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Gwen Ifill on PBS NewsHour's online presence
02:51

Lucy Jarvis

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Lucy Jarvis on her crew for The Kremlin  and it being NBC first major color broadcast
01:16
Lucy Jarvis on her NBC News documentary Museum Without Walls  utilizing the Telstar satellite for the broadcast
05:24

Al Jean

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Al Jean on how technology has changed the animation process of The Simpsons
02:07

Joseph Jennings

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Joseph Jennings on working with the other art directors at CBS Television City, and the differences between art directors working in film and those working in live television or video taped television 
03:10
Joseph Jennings on how the transition to color impacted the work of the art director, and on dealing with lighting
02:25
Joseph Jennings on the then-new technologies in art direction and how production design has changed over the years
02:01

Lamont Johnson

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Lamont Johnson on the process and limitations of the kinescope
01:42
Lamont Johnson on the curtain calls and end credits of NBC Matinee Theater, and on the show being in color
04:10

Loren Jones

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Loren Jones on the early mechanical television system
04:07
Loren Jones on the early television development team at RCA, headed by David Sarnoff and including Vladimir Zworykin
09:53
Loren Jones on working on the development of television transmitters, and on installing equipment on top of the Empire State Building
04:20
Loren Jones on early experimental television broadcasts in the 1930, who could see them, and the programming
04:05
Loren Jones on scientist Edward Armstrong's role in the development of television, and his patent feud with David Sarnoff
05:40
Loren Jones on the feeling about the future of television in the RCA Lab in the 1930s
01:41
Loren Jones on using balloons to test television transmission signals
01:44
Loren Jones on going to the Soviet Union the help develop their television system
03:58
Loren Jones on being sent to the Soviet Union to help with their development of television, and being followed by the KGB
04:53
Loren Jones on America's interest in helping the Soviet Union set up its television system
01:37
Loren Jones on transmitting RCA's first broadcast service W2XBS
02:32
Loren Jones on the first television set he owned and on the early development of color television
03:02
Loren Jones on developing the "television bomb"
04:19
Loren Jones on the development of color television and the battle over it
01:56
Loren Jones on the slow progress of research on television transmission in the 1930s, and on the hurdles in developing a television system including the "light problem"
02:46
Loren Jones on being in charge of the new products division of RCA after World War II
02:12
Loren Jones on various scientists involved with the development of television
11:37
Loren Jones on various scientists involved with the development of television
00:44

Bob Keeshan

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Bob Keeshan on Captain Kangaroo's switch from black and white to color
04:32

H. Wesley Kenney

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H. Wesley Kenney on the cameras used at DuMont and other technical aspects
02:43

Larry King

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Larry King on the future of the television medium
00:40

William Klages

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William Klages on early color TV
01:56
William Klages on lighting equipment and technology; on video vs. film
06:25
William Klages on how color TV changed lighting
02:59

Jack Klugman

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Jack Klugman on how tape affected live television
01:33
Jack Klugman on The Odd Couple going from single to multicamera and getting a live audience
01:48

Don Knotts

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Don Knotts on the eventual overtaking of TV over radio as the dominant medium for entertainment
00:50

Kay Koplovitz

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Kay Koplovitz on discovering the potential of satellite technology after hearing a lecture by Arthur C. Clarke
03:39

Ted Koppel

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Ted Koppel on the technology setup to report from Vietnam
03:45
Ted Koppel on technological innovations used on ABC News Nightline
06:03

Mario Kreutzberger

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Mario Kreutzberger on embracing social media in his programs
00:24

Steve Kroft

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Steve Kroft on how technology has changed reporting on 60 Minutes
02:25

Paul LaMastra

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Paul LaMastra on how the technology and approach to editing has changed since he started
05:03

Susan Lacy

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Susan Lacy on the improvements in technology for filming documentaries (cameras and AVIDs) since American Masters premiered

Angela Lansbury

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Angela Lansbury on the odd makeup one had to wear in early television (because of the lights and camera quality)
00:48

Gene LeBell

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Gene LeBell on how blue and green screens have changed the stunt profession
02:16

Stan Lee

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Stan Lee on how technology has affected animation
01:00

Jerry Lewis

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Jerry Lewis on appearing on color TV tests in 1942 and meeting Albert Einstein in the process
01:56
Jerry Lewis on the creation of the video assist
02:07

Charles Lisanby

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Charles Lisanby on designing color tests for CBS
04:25
Art Director Charles Lisanby on CBS' early experimentation with color
01:34

Christopher Lloyd

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Christopher Lloyd on the effect of the internet on his career as a content creator

John J. Lloyd

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John J. Lloyd on how color television affected art direction 
03:03
John J. Lloyd on changes in technology that affected the materials he used
00:42

James L. Loper

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James L. Loper on how KCET received its early programming and equipment
02:55
James L. Loper on satellite distribution of PBS programming
01:07

Sam Lovullo

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Sam Lovullo on how the invention of video tape changed the industry, and on transitioning into business affairs
07:34

Susan Lucci

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Susan Lucci on how the television industry and technology have changed since she started her career
01:59

Sidney Lumet

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Sidney Lumet on the advent of video tape
02:16

Stewart MacGregory

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Stewart MacGregory on how the advent of color affected his job as stage coordinator 
03:51

Delbert Mann

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Delbert Mann on Fred Coe demonstrating NBC's color system
00:46
Delbert Mann on how videotape changed television and directing "The Red Mill" for CBS
01:43

Bob Markell

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Bob Markell on working with color on television
06:09
Bob Markell on the transition from "live" TV to the use of recorded tape
01:03

John A. Martinelli

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John Martinelli on technical advancements in editing
04:52
John Martinelli on how digital technology has changed editing
04:02

Leslie H. Martinson

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Leslie H. Martinson on the advent of color television 
02:49

Jim McKay

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Jim McKay on the new television medium: seeing a boxing match on TV for the first time
01:14
Jim McKay on the advent of videotape and the method of recording television and how it affected his schedule
05:33
Jim McKay on how technology changed things for sports television: tape versus live TV in auto-racing

Sig Mickelson

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Sig Mickelson on CBS News' coverage of election night in 1952 and on the use of the Univac computer
07:11
Sig Mickelson on CBS News' coverage of the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II and the technology associated with the broadcast
08:01
Sig Mickelson on the technological challenges of CBS News covering Queen Elizabeth's coronation and the innovations it helped bring about
14:16
Sig Mickelson on the impact of the advent of video tape on CBS News and sports
04:55
Sig Mickelson on how technological innovation has changed the way news events are covered by networks, and on the government's role in regulating the broadcast industry
02:44

Mitch Miller

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Mitch Miller on the changing technology of recording music in the 1950s
01:10

Newton N. Minow

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Former FCC Chairman Newton Minow on John F. Kennedy's vision for satellite communications
02:32

Don Mischer

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Don Mischer on how the emergence on cable in the 1980s affected the industry
02:34
Don Mischer on the technological advances that enhance production
01:49

John Moffitt

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John Moffitt on The Ed Sullivan Show going to color in 1965
02:27

Millie Moore

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Millie Moore on working with Avid
02:15

Thomas W. Moore

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Thomas W. Moore on programming and developing Peyton Place, and on ABC dealing with the advent of color
04:02

Tad Mosel

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Tad Mosel on how the technological advances in camera work affected writing for television and on the challenges of writing to accommodate costume changes
08:19
Tad Mosel on the advent of video tape and its impact on television
07:08

Hal Needham

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Hal Needham on his invention the "Shotmaker" and other innovations
08:25

Anne Nelson

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Anne Nelson on how the advent of videotape changed the business
00:34

Alan Neuman

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Alan Neuman on technological advances during his directing career, and on wanting to keep on working
01:43

Don Pardo

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Don Pardo on how microphones have changed over the years
05:00

Marty Pasetta

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Marty Pasetta on how television has changed due to technology and business
02:33

Dick Van Patten

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Dick Van Patten on seeing a prototype of TV at the World's Fair for the first time
00:50

Timothy Van Patten

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Timothy Van Patten on how technology has influenced directing
00:44

Arthur Penn

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Arthur Penn on the coaxial cable which connected the two coasts

Don Pike

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Don Pike on his earliest days in television with Philo T. Farnsworth and the early equipment and sets
11:21
Don Pike on the shop where he worked with Philo T. Farnsworth and the equipment they used to build cameras and televisions
02:02
Don Pike on building early televisions for Philo T. Farnsworth 
03:11
Don Pike on manufacturing the tubes for Philo T. Farnsworth's televisions and how they worked
04:15
Don Pike on being involved in Philo T. Farnsworth's company Farnsworth Television and Radio
05:22
Don Pike on Farnsworth Television's facilities and its goals
03:27
Don Pike on Philo T. Farnsworth becoming ill and leaving his company, and other inventions that Farnsworth was working on
07:10
Don Pike on how early television signals worked
03:45
Don Pike on the impact of Philo T. Farnsworth's declining health on his research, and RCA's iconoscope tube
07:45
Don Pike on engineering cameras for bombs during World War II
06:45
Don Pike on perfecting the television picture and the responsibilities of a technical director
03:21
Don Pike on his training program to become a technical director
01:40
Don Pike on transferring to RCA's color lab in 1949
03:57
Don Pike on creating early color cameras
04:44
Don Pike on experimenting with different color television systems
04:54
Don Pike on testing color television and the race to bring it to the public
03:55
Don Pike on becoming a color coordinator for NBC
02:47
Don Pike on how the advent of color affected television production
04:46
Don Pike on the challenges of getting early television colors correct
02:02
Don Pike on going to work covering NASA for NBC
06:59
Don Pike on the legacy of Philo T. Farnsworth
02:41

Carroll Pratt

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Carroll Pratt on dealing with the limitations of early television set speakers, and on modifying equipment once the technology improved
03:18

David Pressman

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David Pressman on his first television job (and his first use of videotape) after being blacklisted: directing Esso Repertory Theatre for David Susskind
00:20
David Pressman on the writing on One Life to Live  and how technology has changed the production process
02:10

Ward Quaal

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Ward Quaal on working on the initial advisory panel on HDTV in 1987, and on the deadline for analog to digital conversion
09:27

Hector Ramirez

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Hector Ramirez on the most significant advancement to his field - the mini-cam
00:44
Hector Ramirez on technological developments in the 1970s and how they changed shooting
02:27
Hector Ramirez on working in HD
02:55

Joyce Randolph

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Joyce Randolph on doing experimental television for GE in Schenectady, NY
02:08

Dan Rather

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Dan Rather on how news television was transmitted in the early 1960s via telephone lines and microwaves
Dan Rather on the changing media landscape in the early 1980s
06:10
Dan Rather on the future of television news
01:25

Sumner M. Redstone

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Sumner Redstone on digital television and challenging cable; on HDTV and fragmentation
05:14

Carl Reiner

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Carl Reiner on keeping The Dick Van Dyke Show in black and white
00:35
Carl Reiner on how his decision to rerun episodes of The Dick Van Dyke Show led to the show's rise in popularity
00:43
Carl Reiner on Desi Arnaz's revolutionary 3 camera system used on The Dick Van Dyke Show
01:22

Ed Resnick

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Ed Resnick on being hired by Klaus Landsberg to work on an experimental television test stage
05:54
Ed Resnick on working for early experimental television station W6XYZ under Klaus Landsberg
03:47
Ed Resnick on getting on camera for the first time at W6XYZ and how the station worked
04:23
Ed Resnick on the technological state of television in 1944
03:23
Ed Resnick on the mechanics of operating a camera in the early days of television and early remotes
04:54
Ed Resnick on the erection of KTLA's transmitter on Mount Wilson
06:22
Ed Resnick on KTLA's early broadcast facilities
04:23
Ed Resnick on the advent of videotape in 1956 and how it was used by KTLA in the early years
01:05
Ed Resnick on technological advances in television cameras over the years and the advent of color
04:02

Ted Rich

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Ted Rich on shooting a show with a studio audience and the invention of the laugh track
02:29

Lee Rich

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Lee Rich on the 3-camera system used at Desilu studios
00:50
Lee Rich on the advantages and disadvantages of cable 
02:48

Hank Rieger

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Hank Rieger on publicity for NBC's first primetime color show, Bonanza
00:43
Hank Rieger on promoting color television at NBC
00:43

Al Roker

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Al Roker on working with different kinds of weather maps over the years
01:03

Andy Rooney

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Andy Rooney on writing for Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts, and on CBS' entry into television, and attempts at color television
07:01

Howard Rosenberg

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Howard Rosenberg on television technology
02:02

Thomas Del Ruth

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Thomas Del Ruth on acting as director of photography for the pilot of ER  and the use of the steadicam
04:57

Romilly Rutherford

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Romilly Rutherford on his early experimentation with sight and sound
05:40
Romilly Rutherford on getting into creating television 
05:23
Romilly Rutherford on going to work for Philo T. Farnsworth
08:32
Romilly Rutherford on his hours and daily duties working for Philo T. Farnsworth
02:52
Romilly Rutherford on Philo T. Farnsworth's lab
04:09
Romilly Rutherford on Philo T. Farnsworth's activities in his lab
04:19
Romilly Rutherford on getting new equipment in Philo T. Farnsworth's lab
02:02
Romilly Rutherford on various people with whom he worked at Philo T. Farnsworth's lab
05:05
Romilly Rutherford on the mood in the Farnsworth lab and the possible applications of his research
03:35
Romilly Rutherford on the first picture transmitted in Farnsworth's lab
02:47
Romilly Rutherford on very early test broadcasts in Philo T. Farnsworth's lab
01:35
Romilly Rutherford on the competition to Philo T. Farnsworth's work
07:51
Romilly Rutherford on the publicity Philo T. Farnsworth received and how Farnsworth handled the press
03:07
Romilly Rutherford on Philo T. Farnsworth's lab during the Depression and moving the lab to Philadelphia 
05:51
Romilly Rutherford on Philo T. Farnsworth's then-new Philco lab in Philadelphia and the progress made in the year he took off 
04:13
Romilly Rutherford on money and other obstacles faced by Philo T. Farnsworth and his Philco lab
02:39
Romilly Rutherford on Philo T. Farnsworth leaving Philco and being hired to work for Farnsworth again at a different company
06:12
Romilly Rutherford on the Franklin Institute demonstration of television in 1934
08:06
Romilly Rutherford on Philo T. Farnsworth setting up a television studio in 1936
02:52
Romilly Rutherford on the then-current state of television
02:56

Jay Sandrich

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Jay Sandrich on the way television was recorded on kinescopes to broadcast on both coasts and the innovation of Desi Arnaz in using film for I Love Lucy
01:42
Jay Sandrich on the inventor Charlie Douglas and his laugh track machine, which was used on The Andy Griffith Show
01:04
Jay Sandrich on the first show (We'll Get By) to tape all four cameras and the difference between film and tape
03:43

Joseph Sargent

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Joseph Sargent on technical innovation during his directing career
04:52

Thomas W. Sarnoff

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Thomas W. Sarnoff on being "the first live star" on NBC television during a signal test
03:18
Thomas W. Sarnoff on NBC's transition to color television and the production of color show Matinee Theater
05:12
Thomas W. Sarnoff on Matinee Theater getting people to talk about color television
02:08

William Schallert

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William Schallert on how scenes with the identical cousins were shot in The Patty Duke Show
02:27

Max Schindler

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Max Schindler on how technology has changed the news business since he began his career
01:44

Thomas Schlamme

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Thomas Schlamme on then-new delivery methods for television
04:07

Herbert S. Schlosser

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Herbert S. Schlosser on how the advent of color impacted NBC's business dealings in the early '60s
04:53
Herbert S. Schlosser on the RCA technology that was utilized when he started at NBC, and how it developed over time
08:36

Ralph Senensky

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Ralph Senensky on shooting in color on The Wild, Wild West
01:01
Ralph Senensky on how technology has influenced his directing
01:38

John Shaffner

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John Shaffner on set design for standard definition vs. high definition 
06:48
John Shaffner on the first time he saw color television
02:43

Jack Shea

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Jack Shea on early television equipment
01:59
Jack Shea on how early TV programs were transmitted from California to New York
01:09
Jack Shea on how color TV changed his work
01:14

Sid Sheinberg

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Sid Sheinberg> on MCA taking on Betamax and advocating other home video technology
09:11
Sid Sheinberg> on the emergence of cable and satellite television 
06:23

Sidney Sheldon

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Sidney Sheldon on working with Screen Gems and trying to get I Dream of Jeannie shot in color
01:17

James Sheldon

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James Sheldon on the television exhibit he would show to visitors as an NBC Page in the early 1940s
01:03

John Silva

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John Silva on the technological innovations he learned about as a a radar officer in World War II
01:14
John Silva on KTLA's early equipment and facilities; on the first mobile unit
03:50
John Silva on his inventions for mobile units
02:25
John Silva on inventing the Telecopter (an airborne helicopter remote)
11:36
John Silva on the actual construction and development of the Telecopter, his team, and testing
26:28
John Silva on creating a second Telecopter (Telecopter 2)
04:49
John Silva on technological innovations that occurred during his tenure at KTLA, including the advent of videotape and video editing
08:27
John Silva on KTLA's transition to color television
04:42
John Silva on white balancing for color television
04:05

Chet Simmons

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Chet Simmons on ESPN's early offices, equipment, technology, and location
08:55

Garry Simpson

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Garry Simpson on the evolving technology for early experimental television
00:54
Garry Simpson on working in videotape and how color affected television production
03:09

Doris Singleton

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Doris Singleton on the differences between working in radio and television
02:02
Doris Singleton on the invention of the three camera technique
03:55

Bob Smith

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"Buffalo" Bob Smith on his 1954 heart attack, during his tenure as host of Howdy Doody, and on the show being in color starting in 1955
06:42

Sid Smith

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Sid Smith on color production on Your Hit Parade  
01:39
Sid Smith on his tenure at The Jimmy Durante Show and changes in the show when production moved to Desilu and shot on film
03:03
Sid Smith on the technology used on Wide Wide World
03:38
Sid Smith on directing Telstar satellite's first broadcast
06:19
Sid Smith on inventing spotlight discs for the Miss U.S.A. and Miss Universe pageants so contestants would be well lit on stage
00:53

Dick Smith

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Dick Smith on the coming of color television and renegotiating his salary
01:25
Dick Smith on creating makeup and appliances for color television
05:01

Sanford Socolow

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Sanford Socolow on the use of graphics and videotape on Douglas Edwards' news broadcasts 
02:51
Sanford Socolow on technological changes that had occurred during his absence from CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite and that aided CBS coverage of the Munich Olympics in 1972
05:04

Frank Stanton

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Frank Stanton on the FCC issuing the original licenses to television stations around the country, and CBS' failed color system
16:41
Frank Stanton on CBS' involvement with the home video recorder, and with inventor Peter Goldmark
06:28

Jerry Stiller

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Jerry Stiller on first seeing TV at the World's Fair in 1939
01:40

Howard Storm

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Howard Storm on the difference between shooting on film or tape

George Sunga

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George Sunga on acting as Production Manager for Ed Sullivan's various trips to Los Angeles to do The Ed Sullivan Show  and the transition to color
08:20
George Sunga on the guest stars on The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour  and the innovative technical aspects of the show
02:39

Grant Tinker

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Grant Tinker on NBC moving to color television
00:51

Ret Turner

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Ret Turner on advances in camera and lighting technology in regards to wardrobe for television
02:22

Ted Turner

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Ted Turner on TBS going to color
01:40

Tony Verna

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Tony Verna on creating the instant replay for the Army/Navy football game in December of 1963
02:38
Tony Verna on the advent of the instant replay
18:58
Tony Verna on directing the first satellite feed from London
01:30
Tony Verna on using the "action track" in sporting events and the advent of color television 
01:49
Tony Verna on the "Ice Bowl"
03:17
Tony Verna on his company, Praxis Limited and "instant instant replay"
04:58

Bob Vila

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Bob Vila on new media
01:33

Helen Wagner

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Helen Wagner on the first time she appeared on television: a 1946 experiment to test what colors worked for black and white
07:35

Ruth Warrick

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Ruth Warrick on participating in an early experimental television test
03:03
Ruth Warrick on starring in an episode of Robert Montgomery Presents  and her thoughts on the advent of videotape
03:51

Keenen Ivory Wayans

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Keenen Ivory Wayans on digital technology and the internet

Matthew Weiner

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Matthew Weiner on switching from film to video starting with the fifth season of Mad Men
02:54

Av Westin

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Av Westin on the technological innovations and the impact of satellites during his tenure at ABC News
04:33
Av Westin on Executive Producing the A&E documentary The Eagle and the Bear and the impact of cable television
02:33
Av Westin on the impact of the internet on television news
02:51

Ellen Wheeler

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Ellen Wheeler on how emerging technology changed the way Guiding Light  is produced 
05:41

Susan Whiting

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Susan Whiting on Nielsen measuring media saturation and multiplexing on various platforms
04:28
Susan Whiting on data collection over the years
05:58
Susan Whiting on a tour of Nielsen meters through the years
21:26

Tucker Wiard

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Tucker Wiard on editing technology developed and used by CBS
09:17
Tucker Wiard on the technical revolution of computer-driven non-linear editing and the use of the AVID editing system
04:26
Tucker Wiard on the differences between editing film and video tape on Murphy Brown
03:09
Tucker Wiard on why the visual quality of The Carol Burnett Show has held up over the years
04:23

Joseph M. Wilcots

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Joseph M. Wilcots on technological innovations during his career, and on working with a crew
05:46

Ethel Winant

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Ethel Winant on casting for Playhouse 90's production of "The Old Man", the first production on television to utilize edited video tape
01:38

Terence Winter

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Terence Winter on how digital technology has affected his work
01:15

Jonathan Winters

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Jonathan Winters on doing the first color TV show in the U.S.
00:55

Ben Wolf

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Ben Wolf on the emergence of video tape and the transition to color
06:13
Ben Wolf on the kinescope 
03:53
Ben Wolf on then-recent technological developments for cameras and then-current cinematography
02:16
Ben Wolf on how cinematography has changed
01:42

Frederic Ziv

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Frederic Ziv on filming shows in color
00:26

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