Diversity in Television


The Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Foundation Presents

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Interviewees discuss various aspects of how diversity is depicted on television and within the television industry.

Highlights
George Takei on being an Asian-American actor
Sonia Manzano on watching TV as a child and not seeing "herself" depicted in the media
Geri Jewell on being the first visible character with a disability on a television series on The Facts of Life
Jonathan Murray on the diverse cast of The Real World
Sheila Kuehl on coming out as a lesbian on The  Geraldo Rivera Show  and Good Morning America
Debbie Allen on the impact of Roots; on being cast as "Nan" in Roots: The Next Generation
Who talked about this topic

Edie Adams

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Edie Adams on being an uncredited female writer/producer on her show Here's Edie
Edie Adams on advancements for women in television

Mary V. Ahern

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Mary V. Ahern on how opportunities for women in television have changed over the years
Mary V. Ahern on her experience as a female television producer in the 1950s

Debbie Allen

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Debbie Allen on casting Marisa Tomei as the only Caucasian character on A Different World

John Amos

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John Amos on the public reaction to Roots
John Amos on his experience playing "Kunta Kinte" on Roots and how his background prepared him for it
John Amos on the effect of Roots on his personal self-esteem
John Amos on how roles for African-Americans have changed since he started acting
John Amos on guest-starring on Two and a Half Men

Lucie Arnaz

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Lucie Arnaz on problems faced with I Love Lucy due to her father, Desi Arnaz, being Cuban

Larry Auerbach

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Larry Auerbach on dealing with discrimination against Harry Belafonte
Larry Auerbach on representing Sammy Davis, Jr.

Bob Banner

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Bob Banner on producing It's Showtime at the Apollo

Paris Barclay

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Paris Barclay on directing a pivotal episode of ER in which a main character is revealed to have AIDS, and seeing the power of television's reach
Paris Barclay on producing City of Angels
Paris Barclay on his involvement with the Diversity Committee of the Directors Guild of America
Paris Barclay on being openly gay and how it has affected his career
Paris Barclay on whether or not he's faced racism in the television industry

Bob Barker

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Bob Barker on the success and inclusiveness of The Price is Right

Milton Berle

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Milton Berle on booking the African-American group The Four Step Brothers on Texaco Star Theater

Steve Binder

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Steve Binder on producing Petula, and the controversy surrounding a segment of it (part 1)
Steve Binder on producing Petula, and the controversy surrounding a segment of it (part 2)

William Blinn

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William Blinn on "Huggy Bear" on Starsky and Hutch

Linda Bell Blue

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Linda Bell Blue on sexism in the television industry

George Bodenheimer

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George Bodenheimer on the importance of female sports fans
George Bodenheimer on televising women's sports and ESPNW
George Bodenheimer on ESPN Deportes

Mili Lerner Bonsignori

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Mili Lerner Bonsignori on becoming one of four female editors in New York after World War II
Mili Lerner Bonsignori on meeting the other three female editors in New York
Mili Lerner Bonsignori on not being treated as an equal to the men on See It Now

Pat Boone

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Pat Boone on controversial performances on The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom and his view of race relations
Pat Boone on problems he got from sponsors when booking African-American performers on The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom

Vivian Brown

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Vivian Brown on dealing with racism in the industry
Vivian Brown on being a female meteorologist 

Carol Burnett

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Carol Burnett on how Lucille Ball changed when Ball and Desi Arnaz got divorced and the dynamic of females in Hollywood

Ken Burns

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Ken Burns on his documentary series Baseball, and his career-long exploration of race in America

Allan Burns

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Allan Burns on placing the main setting of The Mary Tyler Moore Show in a newsroom and "Mary Richards" not being a married woman
Allan Burns on The Mary Tyler Moore Show and the feminist movement
Allan Burns on The Mary Tyler Moore Show episode "Good Time News"

Vince Calandra

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Vince Calandra on getting African-American talent on The Ed Sullivan Show
Vince Calandra on Ed Sullivan's contributions to the Civil Rights Movement and putting African-Americans on television

Reuben Cannon

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Reuben Cannon on how the business of casting has changed since he started as the first black casting director

Marcy Carsey

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Marcy Carsey on the progression of her career at ABC and becoming head of series television
Marcy Carsey and Tom Werner on the Cosby spin-off A Different World and the awareness the program brought to black colleges

Thomas Carter

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Thomas Carter on the African-American cast of The White Shadow  and fan reaction to the show
Thomas Carter on addressing racial issues in the series Equal Justice
Thomas Carter on the portrayal of African-Americans on television in 2013
Thomas Carter on dealing with racism in his career

RuPaul Charles

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RuPaul Charles on the pressures of being black and gay during the run of The RuPaul Show and on RuPaul's Drag Race
RuPaul Charles on the legacy and message of RuPaul's Drag Race
RuPaul Charles on the contestants of RuPaul's Drag Race, and their courage and vulnerability
RuPaul Charles on his message as a performer

David Chase

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David Chase on the role of women characters on The Sopranos
David Chase on the subject of a gay mafia member on The Sopranos and how the character of "Vito" coming out was dealt with

Julia Child

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Julia Child on being a female chef

Nick Clooney

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Nick Clooney on hosting a teen dance show (The Nick Clooney School Salute) in Lexington, Kentucky and integrating the show

Dick Gregory with Emerson College

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Dick Gregory on racism in America

Carlos Mencia with Emerson College

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Carlos Mencia on doing Latino-based humor, and on listening to accents
Carlos Mencia on the controversy surrounding his use of the term "beaner"
Carlos Mencia on how different groups react to his act, and Mind of Mencia

Paul Rodriguez with Emerson College

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Paul Rodriquez on the Mexican-American community's reaction to a.k.a. Pablo, and their objections to his act
Paul Rodriguez on being inspired by Richard Pryor to use his Mexican heritage and identity in his act, and on the language he uses in his act
Paul Rodriguez on the then-current state of his career, and on his relationship with the Mexican-American community
Paul Rodriguez on things he has had the opportunity to do in his career, and on the then-current state of Latinos in comedy

Hal Cooper

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Hal Cooper on directing Love, Sidney

Barbara Corday

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Barbara Corday on pitching Cagney & Lacey in 1974 and on being involved in the women's movement at the time
Barbara Corday on the premise of Cagney & Lacey and on dealing with women's issues on the show
Barbara Corday on how the status of women in television has changed since she started
Barbara Corday on the challenges of being a female executive in television

Katie Couric

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Katie Couric on feeling like most of the women at ABC News were in subservient positions

Judith Crist

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Judith Crist on Al Morgan of Today being a big supporter of women
Judith Crist on why she left Today and feeling the decision to let her go was sexist
Judith Crist on getting to know women in television
Judith Crist on not encountering sexism in the television industry

Judy Crown

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Judy Crown on diversity in her field

Robert Culp

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Robert Culp on I Spy's having black and white equal leads

Ossie Davis

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Ossie Davis on participating in the Civil Rights Movement

James Day

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James Day on Frieda Hennock, the first female commissioner of the FCC

Phil Donahue

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Phil Donahue on his television talk show, Donahue, and the controversial topics covered
Phil Donahue on interviewing boxer Joe Frazier and doing the show from Attica Street prison

Hugh Downs

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Hugh Downs on racial tensions and booking diverse guests on The Tonight Show

Betty Cole Dukert

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Betty Cole Dukert on hard to anticipate questions from female journalists and balancing the panel of reporters on Meet the Press
Betty Cole Dukert on being a female producer and the male to female ratio of guests on Meet the Press

Stephanie Edwards

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Stephanie Edwards on gender discrimination she see's in the business

Hector Elizondo

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Hector Elizondo on Cane  representing a Latino family

Ruth Engelhardt

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Ruth Engelhardt on her sister being an agent at William Morris, and on how she was treated as a woman in the industry

Jeannie Epper

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Jeannie Epper on her few close fellow stuntwomen and the passing of her brothers and sisters
Jeannie Epper on being one of the founding members of the Stuntwoman's Association of Motion Pictures
Jeannie Epper on the challenges that stuntwomen face that stuntmen don't
Jeannie Epper on the lack of women stunt coordinators

Nanette Fabray

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Nanette Fabray on her difficulty with her hearing, and on her participation in issues involving the deaf community
Nanette Fabray on appearing on The Carol Burnett Show and doing sign language for the first time on television, and promoting sign language on television
Nanette Fabray on her guest appearance as stroke survivor on Maude in the episode "Maude's Reunion"

Jeff Fager

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Jeff Fager on bringing on younger correspondents when he became executive producer of 60 Minutes and the importance of diversity
Jeff Fager on diversity on 60 Minutes and hiring Bill Whitaker as a correspondent on the show

Edie Falco

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Edie Falco on her Nurse Jackie character, "Jackie Peyton," as an anti-hero, and the uniqueness of her being a female anti-hero
Edie Falco on how roles for women have changed since she started out in television and how she relates to her characters as a woman

Jerry Falwell

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Jerry Falwell on how his ministry, and by extension Old Time Gospel Hour, deals with homosexuality

Julian Fellowes

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Julian Fellowes on the rape storyline on Downton Abbey

Richard Frank

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Richard Frank on developing Ellen, and "Ellen" coming out

Ron Friedman

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Ron Friedman on the groundbreaking female characters of G.I. Joe

Pamela Fryman

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Pamela Fryman on how the industry has changed since she started, and on women in the industry

Marla Gibbs

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Marla Gibbs on staying behind at the first table read of The Jeffersons to offer her opinions on naturalistic dialogue, among other points
Marla Gibbs on casting African-American actors on 227

Lesli Linka Glatter

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Lesli Linka Glatter on gender discrimination in her career, and discrimination and harassment in the television industry
Lesli Linka Glatter on how things have changed for women in the industry since she started

Sharon Gless

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Sharon Gless on not experiencing sexism as an actress in the 1970s

Leonard H. Goldenson

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Leonard Goldenson on the impact of Roots

Louis Gossett, Jr.

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Louis Gossett, Jr. on appearing with James Garner in the feature film "Skin Game," and on appearing in socially-conscious projects
Louis Gossett, Jr. on the impact producer Norman Lear had on opportunities for African-American actors in television
Louis Gossett, Jr. on doing research to play "Fiddler" in Roots, and why the character was a breakthrough for him in terms of his acting process
Louis Gossett, Jr. on filming the "my name is Toby" scene in Roots, and on using the line "there's gonna be another day" (which he improvised) with Alex Haley's permission
Louis Gossett, Jr. on the legacy of Roots
Louis Gossett, Jr. on the role of the actor in society, and how the arts can help or harm
Louis Gossett, Jr. on being the second black actor to win an Oscar, and on what it meant to his career
Louis Gossett, Jr. on how things have changed for African-American actors since he started

Curt Gowdy

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Curt Gowdy on international broadcasters

Lee Grant

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Lee Grant on how opportunities for women in television have changed over the years

Earle Hagen

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Composer Earle Hagen on NBC initially not approving Bill Cosby to co-star in I Spy because it feared repercussions from Southern affiliates

Donald Hall

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Donald Hall on Hallmark Hall of Fame's presentation of "Green Pastures"

Florence Henderson

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Florence Henderson on working during her pregnancies

Winifred Hervey

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Winifred Hervey on getting accepted to the Warner Bros. Writing Workshop
Winifred Hervey on becoming story editor for The New Odd Couple and rewriting original scripts from The Odd Couple to tailor them to African-American performers
Winifred Hervey on efforts made to diversify the writing staff of Benson  
Winifred Hervey on being the only female writer on The Cosby Show
Winifred Hervey on the writers' room of The Golden Girls
Winifred Hervey on not loving to do "issues shows" on The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air
Winifred Hervey on her biggest challenge in the business - being female and a minority
Winifred Hervey on the representation of African-Americans on television
Winifred Hervey on opportunities for women and minorities in writing

Arthur Hiller

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Arthur Hiller on the list of "don't dos" they had from the sponsors and the network on NBC Matinee Theater, and a near-controversy when he cast an African American actor as a doctor

Hal Holbrook

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Hal Holbrook on appearing in the groundbreaking made-for-television movie That Certain Summer

Ellen Holly

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Ellen Holly on the challenges early on of finding parts as a black actress, and on being cast in the Broadway production of "Too Late the Phalarope"
Ellen Holly on how typecasting boxes in actors, particularly African-Americans
Ellen Holly on the difficulties faced by an African-American actress who is considered "too light"
Ellen Holly on writing "The New York Times" article "How Black Do You Have to Be?" and on the reaction to it
Ellen Holly on guest-starring on Dr. Kildare, and on having to wear make-up to make her skin appear darker for the show
Ellen Holly on her groundbreaking early storyline on One Life to Live, where she was the first black actress to play a central character on a daytime drama, and on working with the crew of the show and show creator Agnes Nixon
Ellen Holly on her difficulties renewing her One Life to Live contract after the first year
Ellen Holly on going to bat for One Life to Live producer Doris Quinlan
Ellen Holly on the fallout from her going to bat for One Life to Live producer Doris Quinlan
Ellen Holly on her difficulties playing opposite the actor who portrayed "Dr. Jack Scott" on One Life to Live, which led to her first exit from the show
Ellen Holly on her and Lillian Hayman being fired from One Life to Live by producer Paul Rauch
Ellen Holly on coming to a late realization about One Life to Live and about Agnes Nixon
Ellen Holly on finally learning why she was chosen to be on One Life to Live by producer Agnes Nixon and ABC executive Brandon Stoddard
Ellen Holly on having been the focus of the first year of One Life to Live, and on the producers' fears of it becoming a "black show"

James Hong

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James Hong on how little change he's seen in the types of roles offered Asian-Americans in his lifetime
James Hong on the cliched/novelty roles offered to Asian-American actors
Actor James Hong the criticisms of David Carradine's depiction of an Asian character on Kung Fu

Silvio Horta

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Silvio Horta on the Latino heritage and social class of Ugly Betty
Silvio Horta on the issue of sexuality on Ugly Betty

Felicity Huffman

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Felicity Huffman on her Desperate Housewives character, "Lynette Scavo's" struggle with balancing motherhood and work, and how it related to Huffman's own work-life balance
Felicity Huffman on how roles for women on television have changed since she started in the industry

Eddie Foy III

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Eddie Foy III on casting Julia

Allison Janney

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Allison Janney on her West Wing character, "C.J. Cregg"

Lucy Jarvis

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Lucy Jarvis on the work environment for women in network news in the early 1960s
Lucy Jarvis on hiring women for The Nation's Future  and organizing a landmark class action suit against NBC for discrimination against its female employees
Lucy Jarvis on the impact of the organization Women in Film

Geri Jewell

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Geri Jewell on dreaming of being a television actress when she was young, and how this dream related to her cerebral palsy
Geri Jewell on the first time she did stand-up comedy, and how she talked about cerebral palsy in her routine
Geri Jewell on being the first visible character with a disability on a television series on The Facts of Life
Geri Jewell on having to perform a dance number on the first The Facts of Life episode on which she appeared ("Cousin Geri")
Geri Jewell on the impact of her visibility as a person with a disability on The Facts of Life
Geri Jewell on her experience with "overnight fame" and the impact of her visibility as a person with a disability
Geri Jewell on the impact of her role on The Facts of Life and appearing on Norman Lear's special I Love Liberty
Geri Jewell on her feelings about actors without disabilities playing characters with disabilities
Geri Jewell on the difficulty she faced while filming a scene with Peter DeLuise on 21 Jump Street
Geri Jewell on filming the Deadwood episode "Jewel's Boot Is Made for Walking" and how show creator/director David Milch coaxed a reaction from her
Geri Jewell on advice for aspiring actors

Lamont Johnson

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Lamont Johnson on directing the groundbreaking gay drama That Certain Summer starring Martin Sheen and Hal Holbrook

Robert Johnson

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Robert Johnson on broadcast networks and the black community

Shirley Jones

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Shirley Jones on ageism in the industry and on her family following in her footsteps

Quincy Jones

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Quincy Jones on first working on Holllywood films

Lucille Kallen

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Lucille Kallen on being the only female in the writers room of Your Show of Shows

Elodie Keene

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Elodie Keene on advocating for more female directors on L.A. Law
Elodie Keene on how opportunities for women in the industry have changed since she started
Elodie Keene on directing the first lesbian kiss on television on L.A. Law, and on the lesbian scenes in Pretty Little Liars
Elodie Keene on directing scenes on Switched at Birth in sign language

Asaad Kelada

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Asaad Kelada on challenges breaking into the TV industry

H. Wesley Kenney

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H. Wesley Kenney on hiring a female camera operator

Ernest Kinoy

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Ernest Kinoy on The Defenders  episode "The Non-Violent" and the Civil Rights movement
Ernest Kinoy on the public reaction to Roots  and its impact on the Civil Rights movement
Ernest Kinoy on the legacy of Roots  and Roots: The Next Generations

Eartha Kitt

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Eartha Kitt on being an African-American performer on television in the 1950s
 Eartha Kitt on dealing with racism in television

Sheila Kuehl

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Sheila Kuehl on the planned Zelda Gilroy  spin-off of The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis
Sheila Kuehl on coming out as a lesbian on The Geraldo Rivera Show and Good Morning America
Sheila Kuehl on the Supreme Court's 2013 ruling regarding gay marriage
Sheila Kuehl on being the first lesbian elected to the California State Assembly

Paul LaMastra

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Paul LaMastra on editing the made-for-television movie Foxfire and living with HIV

Rita Lakin

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Rita Lakin on the advent of the showrunner, and on being the first female showrunner on Flamingo Road
Rita Lakin on the television movie Torn Between Two Lovers, and on advancing the cause of more women television writers

Lucy Lawless

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Lucy Lawless on Xena's world on Xena: Warrior Princess  and the lesbian overtones of the show
Lucy Lawless on dealing with her fame from Xena: Warrior Princess  and being a feminist icon
Lucy Lawless on how television has changed for women and in general since she started acting

Gene LeBell

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Gene LeBell on doing stunts for black actors

Norman Lear

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Norman Lear on what prompted him to create shows about upwardly mobile black families with Good Times and The Jeffersons
Norman Lear on the controversial abortion episode of Maude

Michael Learned

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Michael Learned on how things have changed for actresses since she started acting

Steve Levitan

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Steve Levitan on wanting to have a gay couple raising a child as one of the central families on Modern Family

Judith Light

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Judith Light on dealing with the AIDS crisis and playing "Jeanne White" in The Ryan White Story
Judith Light on starring in A Step Toward Tomorrow with Christopher Reeve
Judith Light on her Ugly Betty character "Claire Meade" and working with America Ferrera as "Betty Suarez"
Judith Light on the importance of Transparent

Loretta Long

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Loretta Long on the power of television, and on the impact that her character of "Susan" on Sesame Street has had on black television characters

Julia Louis-Dreyfus

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Julia Louis-Dreyfus on being the only woman on the set of Seinfeld
Julia Louis-Dreyfus on the atmosphere on the largely female set of The New Adventures of Old Christine

William H. Macy

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William H. Macy on the TV movie Door to Door, which he co-wrote and starred in, and which was based on the true story of Bill Porter, a door-to-door salesman who had cerebral palsy

Anita Mann

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Anita Mann on witnessing bigotry towards African-American dancers
Anita Mann on witnessing bigotry towards African-American dancers
Anita Mann on facing discrimination in the industry as a woman

Ann Marcus

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Ann Marcus on quitting Days of Our Lives  over a controversial a story-line
Ann Marcus on her attempt to integrate the cast of Peyton Place

Beth McCarthy-Miller

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Beth McCarthy-Miller on being a woman working on Saturday Night Live

Bob McGrath

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Bob McGrath on memories working with guest star Linda Bove on Sesame Street and the far-reaching impact of an episode about hearing impairment

S. Epatha Merkerson

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S. Epatha Merkerson on the excitement of seeing black people on television when she was young
S. Epatha Merkerson on coming to Law & Order after it had been on for four seasons (two female characters were introduced the year she came on)
S. Epatha Merkerson on wearing a wig to cover her natural hair when portraying her Law & Order character "Lt. Anita Van Buren"
S. Epatha Merkerson on whether opportunities for black women on television have changed over the years

Tammy Faye Bakker Messner

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Tammy Faye Bakker-Messner on her experience as a woman in Christian television

John Moffitt

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John Moffitt on how The Ed Sullivan Show reflected the Civil Rights Movement

Ricardo Montalban

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Ricardo Montalban on his Emmy-winning performance as an American Indian in How the West was Won
Ricardo Montalban on playing his characters with dignity
Ricardo Montalban on the founding of Nosotros

Millie Moore

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Millie Moore on being one of the sole women in the A.C.E. when she joined
Millie Moore on women being more welcomed into the A.C.E. as editors, not just librarians, after the studio system began to crumble
Millie Moore on how women editors have progressed through the years

Priscilla Morgan

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Priscilla Morgan on being a female agent in the '50s

Garrett Morris

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Garrett Morris on being the only black cast member on Saturday Night Live and other shows
Garrett Morris on the representation of minorities on cable TV versus network TV

Michael Moye

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Michael Moye on the not-so-diverse writing staff of Good Times
Michael Moye on whether or not he experienced racism in the television industry
Michael Moye on hiring diverse writers
Michael Moye on some people seeing racism where he does not

Jonathan Murray

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Jonathan Murray on the diverse cast of The Real World

Anne Nelson

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Anne Nelson on becoming the first female executive at CBS, and the difficulties she encountered getting there
Anne Nelson on her style of negotiation, and on the challenges of being a female in business affairs in her era
Anne Nelson on being a female television executive

Horace Newcomb

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Horace Newcomb on the historic and then-current lack of diversity in television

Nichelle Nichols

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Nichelle Nichols on how Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. persuaded her to remain on Star Trek
Nichelle Nichols describes her character "Uhura" on Star Trek; how the studio didn't want a black female character on the series; Gene Rodenberry defended it as "that's what America looks like"
Nichelle Nichols on the famous Star Trek scene where her character kisses William Shatner's character in TV's first interracial kiss; the response from the South

Leonard Nimoy

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Leonard Nimoy on his penchant for playing ethnic roles in his early TV career

Agnes Nixon

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Agnes Nixon on being one of the only women to write for the Golden Age anthology dramas
Agnes Nixon on the groundbreaking "Carla Grey passing as white" story on One Life to Live
Agnes Nixon on the then-recent (1997) introduction of a gay character on All My Children

Ed O'Neill

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Ed O'Neill on the relationship between "Jay Pritchett" and his son, "Mitchell Pritchett" on Modern Family

Edward James Olmos

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Edward James Olmos on the future of Latinos on television
Edward James Olmos on the ongoing lack of diversity on television and in movies

Bernie Orenstein

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Bernie Orenstein on the legacy of That Girl: representing feminism on television
Bernie Orenstein on lectures he gives on the influence of African Americans in television

Roscoe Orman

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Roscoe Orman on his awareness of the lack of diversity on television during his childhood

Gail Parent

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Gail Parent on being the only female writer on a variety show when she was hired on The Carol Burnett Show
Gail Parent on how the business has changed for women since she started

Estelle Parsons

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Estelle Parsons on how she was treated as a woman on the Today set

Dick Van Patten

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Dick Van Patten on issues Eight is Enough dealt with throughout the series

Timothy Van Patten

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Timothy Van Patten on diversity on The White Shadow

Jane Pauley

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Jane Pauley on dealing with her pregnancy and motherhood on air

Alan Perris

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Alan Perris on promoting diversity at WJXT in Jacksonville and working for Ben Bradley

Maury Povich

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Maury Povich on co-anchoring news in Los Angeles with future wife Connie Chung; on her start at CBS

Charlotte Rae

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Charlotte Rae on how roles for women on television have changed over the years, and on how television has changed since she started

Jorge Ramos

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Jorge Ramos on interviewing President Obama and pressing him on immigration reform
Jorge Ramos on Univision covering presidential politics and its importance to the Latino community
Jorge Ramos on hosting an English-language show for Fusion
Jorge Ramos on what he hopes to achieve with his influence 
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on what separates Univision from other news gathering organizations 
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on issues that are important to them personally 
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on Univision's role in the 2008, 2012 and then-upcoming 2016 elections 
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on the emergence of Latino candidates in presidential elections
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on changes they've seen in television journalism and Spanish news
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on the then-future of Spanish-language news and Latino journalists
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on dream projects or goals in the then-future

Marian Rees

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Marian Rees on producing "Tell Me Where it Hurts" for General Electric Theater  and her commitment to feminism 
Marian Rees on producing The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman
Marian Rees on executive producing "Love Is Never Silent" for Hallmark Hall of Fame  and her struggle with the network to cast deaf actors in lead roles
Marian Rees on executive producing Ruby Bridges
Marian Rees on the African-American crew on Ruby Bridges  and gaining Ruby Bridges' trust
Marian Rees on the Norman Rockwell painting on which Ruby Bridges  was based and recreating it
Marian Rees on public reaction and the educational benefits of Masterpiece Theatre's American Collection's "Almost a Woman"
Marian Rees on her involvement in Women in Film

Gene Reynolds

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Gene Reynolds on how African-Americans were depicted on Room 222

John Rich

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Director John Rich on Sammy Davis Jr.'s suggestion, as a guest on The Tonight Show, that he would make a funny guest star on All in the Family (leading to his appearance on the classic episode "Sammy's Visit")

Lee Rich

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Lee Rich on the episode of The Waltons that dealt with race

Hank Rieger

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Hank Rieger on publicity for NBC shows starring African-Americans
Hank Rieger on NBC's African-American executives
Hank Rieger on advice to someone wanting to go into Public Relations, and how it's a great career for women

Geraldo Rivera

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Geraldo Rivera on the concept behind WABC Eyewitness News

Doris Roberts

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Doris Roberts on the challenge of being an older woman in Hollywood and beyond

Al Roker

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Al Roker on being one of the only African-Americans on camera in the Syracuse area when he was in college

Meta Rosenberg

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Meta Rosenberg on developing the series Julia starring Diahann Carroll
Meta Rosenberg on advice to an aspiring television producer and succeeding in the industry as a woman

Barney Rosenzweig

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Barney Rosenzweig on giving Aaron Spelling criticisms of Charlie's Angels and wanting to incorporate the themes of the Women's Movement into the show
Barney Rosenzweig on the idea for Cagney & Lacey
Barney Rosenzweig on what Cagney & Lacey was about at its core
Barney Rosenzweig on the legacy of Cagney & Lacey and what it did for the portrayal of women on television

Maria Elena Salinas

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Maria Elena Salinas on how identifying with two cultures informed her news reporting
Maria Elena Salinas on the state of Hispanic news when she started
Maria Elena Salinas on appealing to different aspects of the Latino community 
Maria Elena Salinas on interviewing then-governor Pete Wilson about his stance on immigration issues for California 
Maria Elena Salinas on covering immigration and doing advocacy journalism 
Maria Elena Salinas on being called "the most recognized and trusted Hispanic newswomen in America"
Maria Elena Salinas on the challenges of being a female news anchor
Maria Elena Salinas on the current state and then-future of diversity in television 
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on what separates Univision from other news gathering organizations
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on issues that are important to them personally
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on Univision's role in the 2008, 2012 and then-upcoming 2016 elections
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on the emergence of Latino candidates in presidential elections
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on changes they've seen in television journalism and Spanish news
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on the then-future of Spanish-language news and Latino journalists
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on dream projects or goals in the then-future

Marlene Sanders

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Marlene Sanders on the number of women in television when she started
Marlene Sanders on other female journalists when she came along
Marlene Sanders on being the first woman to anchor an evening news broadcast (for one night) and later for three months; on more women entering the business
Marlene Sanders on her role in the women's movement
Marlene Sanders on publishing the book "Waiting for Primetime" and her conclusions about women in broadcasting
Marlene Sanders on advice for women in broadcast journalism

Jay Sandrich

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Jay Sandrich on an episode of The Mary Tyler Moore Show with a character who is gay and getting that episode on air
Jay Sandrich on the controversies surrounding some of the gay themes of the show Soap
Jay Sandrich on a scene in Soap which deals with sexual tension, written from a woman's perspective
Jay Sandrich on how Susan Harris brought a woman's perspective to the writing on Soap
Jay Sandrich on the thrill of having the number one show in American be about an African American family (The Cosby Show)
Jay Sandrich on the show Love, Sidney based on a film, which had a gay character, though the network wouldn't allow a gay character on the television version
Jay Sandrich on the impact the women's movement came to have on The Mary Tyler Moore Show
Jay Sandrich on what good comedy can do for us socially

Isabel Sanford

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Isabel Sanford on The Jeffersons legacy within the African-American community

Joseph Sargent

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Joseph Sargent on casting black extras on Gunsmoke

William Schallert

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William Schallert on starting the Committee for Performers with Disabilities

Bob Schiller

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Bob Schiller and Bob Weiskopf on racial issues on Maude

Herbert S. Schlosser

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Herbert S. Schlosser on his role in getting more African-Americans on television with shows like I Spy and Julia
Herbert S. Schlosser on programming Julia, and on African-American representation on television

Alfred Schneider

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Alfred Schneider on the decision not to allow two men to kiss on Thirtysomething
Alfred Schneider on writer/producer Susan Harris's response to being told that a scene in Soap where women were discussing sex had to be cut
Alfred Schneider on negotiating the depiction of the controversial subject matter of That Certain Summer
Alfred Schneider on meeting with special interest groups and handling their concerns about portrayals of certain groups and depictions of controversial topics on television
Alfred Schneider on sit-in protests by the gay community in response to Marcus Welby, M.D.

Robert Schuller

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Robert Schuller on dealing with Civil Rights and racism on Hour of Power

Ralph Senensky

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Ralph Senensky on censorship when directing Breaking Point and "The Bull Roarer" episode in which a young man thinks he might be gay

Richard Shapiro

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Richard and Esther Shapiro on writing the made-for-TV movie Minstrel Man
Richard and Esther Shapiro on Dynasty star Jack Coleman ("Steven Carrington")
Richard and Esther Shapiro on memorable storylines on Dynasty - on "Steven Carrington's" homosexuality
Richard and Esther Shapiro on "Steven Carrington's" homosexuality on Dynasty

Esther Shapiro

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Esther Shapiro on the limited number of female writers
Esther Shapiro on being a female writer in Hollywood and whether or not having a male writing partner helped her
Esther Shapiro on fellow female executives at ABC
Richard and Esther Shapiro on writing the made-for-TV movie Minstrel Man
Richard and Esther Shapiro on Dynasty star Jack Coleman ("Steven Carrington")
Richard and Esther Shapiro on memorable storylines on Dynasty - on "Steven Carrington's" homosexuality
Richard and Esther Shapiro on "Steven Carrington's" homosexuality on Dynasty

Jack Shea

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Jack Shea on diversity on television during the era of Sanford and Son
Jack Shea on diversity within the DGA

Treva Silverman

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Treva Silverman on the challenges of being the only female on the writing staff of The Dean Martin Show
Treva Silverman on being the only female writer to work on The Monkees
Treva Silverman on writing The Mary Tyler Moore Show's "Rhoda Morgenstern," played by Valerie Harper, and on the female characters of the show
Treva Silverman on the male writing staff of The Mary Tyler Moore Show, and helping them write for female characters
Treva Silverman on how the role of women has changed since she started in television
Treva Silverman on being the first female writer to win an Emmy Award

Abby Singer

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Abby Singer on dealing with Affirmative action as a production manager

John Singleton

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John Singleton on The Arsenio Hall Show being the only variety show that would put on hip hop and R&B artists at that time
John Singleton on directing Michael Jackson's "Remember the Time" music video, and his vision for putting Michael Jackson with "a whole bunch of black people"
John Singleton on how opportunities for African Americans in entertainment have changed over the course of his career

Gary Smith

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Gary Smith on working with Sammy Davis, Jr. and on working with African-American performers

Aaron Spelling

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Aaron Spelling on believing that you can teach and entertain at the same time

Lesley Stahl

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Lesley Stahl on consciously trying to convey authority as a reporter
Lesley Stahl on encountering sexism within news crews when she was a rookie reporter for CBS in Washington D.C. in the 1970s
Lesley Stahl on being told to re-do an on-camera piece without smiling (to exude more authority) while a correspondent for CBS in Washington in the 1970s
Lesley Stahl on getting hired at CBS' Washington D.C. news bureau, and how affirmative action played a part in her hiring
Lesley Stahl on the jobs women had at NBC News when she started in 1967
Lesley Stahl on women in broadcast journalism during her day

Jean Stapleton

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Jean Stapleton on how All in the Family used comedy to expose social issues, including bigotry
Jean Stapleton on her involvement with the Women's Movement of the 1970s

Darren Star

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Darren Star on the censorship issues that arose on Melrose Place, particularly involving the character "Matt Fielding," who was gay

Nick Stewart

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Nick Stewart on performing for both black and white audiences on the Vaudeville circuit
Nick Stewart on black performers and the type of comedy they practiced
Nick Stewart on the NAACP protests of Amos 'N' Andy
Nick Stewart on the end of Amos 'N' Andy  due to protests from the NAACP
Nick Stewart on how race relations affected the television industry
Nick Stewart on the then-current state of African-Americans on television 

George Sunga

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George Sunga on the diversity of the crew of The Jeffersons

George Takei

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George Takei on being an Asian-American actor

William Tankersley

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William Tankersley on how CBS Program Practices handled Civil Rights storylines on TV shows in the 1950s

Nina Tassler

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Nina Tassler on the importance of developing shows that provide leading roles for women as well as a work-life balance for lead actresses
Nina Tassler on diversity in television

Tony Thomas

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Tony Thomas on the black community's reaction to Benson and its cancellation

Stanford Tischler

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Stanford Tischler on how the mid-70s pilot Only in America was not picked up by ABC because it was considered too "ethnic"

Saul Turteltaub

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Saul Turteltaub on Marlo Thomas' input on That Girl, and how his and Bernie Orenstein's push for Thomas' character to get married led to the end of the show

Leslie Uggams

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Leslie Uggams on appearing on The Paul Whiteman TV Teen Club as a child and not being allowed to win a car on the show because an African American boy had already won one on the show
Leslie Uggams on getting recognized on the street after appearing on Sing Along with Mitch and the extra pressure she felt as an African American woman in the spotlight
Leslie Uggams on the pushback from the network to her being on Sing Along with Mitch because she was African American and how Mitch Miller stood up for her
Leslie Uggams on discrimination she faced early in her career and barriers she broke down by appearing on Sing Along with Mitch
Leslie Uggams on the role television played in the Civil Rights Movement
Leslie Uggams on how The Leslie Uggams Show came about and her efforts to have a diverse crew and writing staff
Leslie Uggams on the success of Roots and what it taught Americans about their own history

Dean Valentine

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Dean Valentine on Ellen DeGeneres' decision for her character "Ellen Morgan" to come out of the closet on Ellen, and on th cultural impact of "The Puppy Episode"

Malcolm-Jamal Warner

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Malcolm-Jamal Warner on what he believes The Cosby Show  was trying to achieve
Malcolm-Jamal Warner on black culture on The Cosby Show
Malcolm-Jamal Warner on how the portrayal of Black Americans has changed since he started acting

Matthew Weiner

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Matthew Weiner on the Mad Men  episode, "The Other Woman," in which "Joan Holloway" (Christina Hendricks) prostitutes herself to get an account for the firm
Matthew Weiner on the gender equality themes of Mad Men  season 7a

Bob Weiskopf

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Bob Schiller and Bob Weiskopf on racial issues on Maude

Tom Werner

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Marcy Carsey and Tom Werner on the Cosby  spin-off A Different World  and the awareness the program brought to black colleges

Av Westin

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Av Westin on negative reactions to Barbara Walters and other female news anchors

Susan Whiting

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Susan Whiting on diversity in Nielsen samples
Susan Whiting on being a female executive in the media world

Tucker Wiard

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Tucker Wiard on fond memories working on The Carol Burnett Show

Joseph M. Wilcots

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Joseph M. Wilcots on being the first African-American to join the camera union
Joseph M. Wilcots on how things changed for black cinematographers during his career

Fred Willard

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Fred Willard on playing the gay character "Scott" on Roseanne

Larry Wilmore

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Larry Wilmore on the writers of The PJs, and on the diversity of the writing staff
Larry Wilmore on changes he's seen in for African-Americans in television

Ethel Winant

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Ethel Winant on dealing with the network on casting blacklisted actors and minorities on television in the '50s
Ethel Winant on difficulties she encountered in casting minority actors for shows like Playhouse 90 and The United States Steel Hour's production of "Doomsday at Noon"
Ethel Winant on rising up through the ranks at CBS as a woman
Ethel Winant on being the first female executive at CBS and dealing with other executives like William S. Paley

Leo Yoshimura

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Leo Yoshimura on the persistent lack of representation of Asian Americans on television
Leo Yoshimura on playing "Sulu" in several Star Trek parodies on Saturday Night Live over the years, and on lack of representation of Japanese people on television

Lauren Zalaznick

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Lauren Zalaznick on how things have changed for women in television since she started, and on the then-future of women in television

Jeff Zucker

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Jeff Zucker on the importance of diversity in television

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