Minorities


The Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Foundation Presents

02:26

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Interviewees discuss the portrayal of minorities on television.

Highlights
Sonia Manzano on writing Sesame Street stories on cultural change
LeVar Burton on it being a big deal to see black people on television when he was growing up
Marla Gibbs on staying behind at the first table read of The Jeffersons to offer her opinions on naturalistic dialogue, among other points
David Wolper on the origin of Roots and finding out about Alex Haley's book, and the development of the hit miniseries
Ken Burns on his documentary series Baseball, and his career-long exploration of race in America
Silvio Horta on the Latino heritage and social class of Ugly Betty
Who talked about this topic

Debbie Allen

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Debbie Allen on the impact of Roots; on being cast as "Nan" in Roots: The Next Generation

John Amos

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John Amos on the public reaction to Roots
John Amos on his experience playing "Kunta Kinte" on Roots and how his background prepared him for it
John Amos on the effect of Roots on his personal self-esteem
John Amos on how roles for African-Americans have changed since he started acting

Lucie Arnaz

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Lucie Arnaz on problems faced with I Love Lucy due to her father, Desi Arnaz, being Cuban

Larry Auerbach

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Larry Auerbach on representing Sammy Davis, Jr.

Bob Banner

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Bob Banner on producing It's Showtime at the Apollo

Paris Barclay

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Paris Barclay on producing City of Angels
Paris Barclay on his involvement with the Diversity Committee of the Directors Guild of America
Paris Barclay on whether or not he's faced racism in the television industry

Anne Beatts

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Anne Beatts on original (and sole African-American) Saturday Night Live cast member Garrett Morris and how he was used on the show

Milton Berle

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Milton Berle on booking the African-American group The Four Step Brothers on Texaco Star Theater

Lewis Bernstein

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Future executive producer Lewis Bernstein on his impressions of Sesame Street upon seeing the show for the first time circa 1970
Executive producer/former Director of Research Lewis Bernstein on Sesame Street's effect on racial tolerance in children

Steve Binder

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Steve Binder on producing Petula, and the controversy surrounding a segment of it (part 1)
Steve Binder on producing Petula, and the controversy surrounding a segment of it (part 2)

William Blinn

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William Blinn on "Huggy Bear" on Starsky and Hutch

Allan Blye

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Allan Blye on the moment between Harry Belafonte and Petula Clark on Clark's 1968 special Petula when the two performers linked arms, which caused controversy at the time

Steven Bochco

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Steven Bochco on City of Angels and the importance of the series' predominantly African-American cast and crew
Steven Bochco on adding the character of Jonathan Rollins (played by Blair Underwood) to diversify the fictional firm of L.A. Law

George Bodenheimer

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George Bodenheimer on ESPN Deportes

Pat Boone

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Pat Boone on controversial performances on The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom and his view of race relations
Pat Boone on problems he got from sponsors when booking African-American performers on The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom

Ed Bradley

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Ed Bradley on being told by his boss Ed Joyce at WCBS radio not to worry about losing his job after a second African-American man was hired there

James L. Brooks

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James L. Brooks on writing for Room 222 - the second show on television starring a person of color

Vivian Brown

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Vivian Brown on dealing with racism in the industry

Ken Burns

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Ken Burns on his documentary series Baseball, and his career-long exploration of race in America
Ken Burns on producing the WWII documentary The War: A Ken Burns Film

LeVar Burton

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LeVar Burton on it being a big deal to see black people on television when he was growing up
LeVar Burton on being inspired by Nichelle Nichols on Star Trek
LeVar Burton on the unique perspective shown in Roots - history as told by the African point of view
LeVar Burton on the impact of Roots

Vince Calandra

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Vince Calandra on getting African-American talent on The Ed Sullivan Show
Vince Calandra on Ed Sullivan's contributions to the Civil Rights Movement and putting African-Americans on television

Reuben Cannon

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Reuben Cannon on how the business of casting has changed since he started

Diahann Carroll

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Diahann Carroll on performing in the feature film Carmen Jones
Diahann Carroll on her dramatic performance in Naked City which garnered her an Emmy; her continued feelings about the lack of roles for blacks in Hollywood
Diahann Carroll on diversity in television

Marcy Carsey

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Marcy Carsey and Tom Werner on the Cosby spin-off A Different World and the awareness the program brought to black colleges

Thomas Carter

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Thomas Carter on the African-American cast of The White Shadow  and fan reaction to the show
Thomas Carter on addressing racial issues in the series Equal Justice
Thomas Carter on the portrayal of African-Americans on television in 2013
Thomas Carter on dealing with racism in his career

RuPaul Charles

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RuPaul Charles on the pressures of being black and gay during the run of The RuPaul Show and on RuPaul's Drag Race
RuPaul Charles on the legacy and message of RuPaul's Drag Race
RuPaul Charles on the contestants of RuPaul's Drag Race, and their courage and vulnerability
RuPaul Charles on his message as a performer

Connie Chung

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Connie Chung on experiencing racism at work
Connie Chung and Maury Povich on Chung as a trailblazer

Dick Clark

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Dick Clark on the diversity of American Bandstand

Nick Clooney

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Nick Clooney on hosting a teen dance show (The Nick Clooney School Salute) in Lexington, Kentucky and integrating the show

William Clotworthy

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William Clotworthy on working with Garrett Morris on Saturday Night Live

Carlos Mencia with Emerson College

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Carlos Mencia on doing Latino-based humor, and on listening to accents
Carlos Mencia on the controversy surrounding his use of the term "beaner"
Carlos Mencia on how different groups react to his act, and Mind of Mencia

Dick Gregory with Emerson College

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Dick Gregory on racism in America

Paul Rodriguez with Emerson College

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Paul Rodriguez on the Mexican-American community's reaction to a.k.a. Pablo, and their objections to his act
Paul Rodriguez on being inspired by Richard Pryor to use his Mexican heritage and identity in his act, and on the language he uses in his act
Paul Rodriguez on the then-current state of his career, and on his relationship with the Mexican-American community
Paul Rodriguez on things he has had the opportunity to do in his career, and on the then-current state of Latinos in comedy

Henry Colman

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Henry Colman on a scene of a black man dancing with a white woman on one of Matthew Rapf's shows and the network's decision to cut the scene

Ken Corday

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Ken Corday on minorities on Days of Our Lives

Judy Crown

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Judy Crown on diversity in her field

Ossie Davis

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Ossie Davis on participating in the Civil Rights Movement
Ossie Davis on the impact Roots had: "Roots helped supply America with a truer definition of who black people were than any other work that had come along"

Ruby Dee

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Ruby Dee on her involvement in the Civil Rights Movement
Ruby Dee on her and husband Ossie Davis' involvement in the development of Roots
Ruby Dee on how TV's portrayal of minorities has changed

Sam Denoff

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Sam Denoff on specific episodes of The Dick Van Dyke Show - "That's my Boy"

Phil Donahue

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Phil Donahue on interviewing boxer Joe Frazier and doing the show from Attica Street prison

Mike Douglas

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Mike Douglas on booking African-American acts for The Mike Douglas Show

Hugh Downs

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Hugh Downs on racial tensions and booking diverse guests on The Tonight Show

Hector Elizondo

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Hector Elizondo on Cane  representing a Latino family

Jerry Falwell

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Jerry Falwell on civil rights issues

Arthur Gardner

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Arthur Gardner on the depiction of Native Americans in television in the 1950's

Marla Gibbs

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Marla Gibbs on staying behind at the first table read of The Jeffersons to offer her opinions on naturalistic dialogue, among other points
Marla Gibbs on casting African-American actors on 227

Leonard H. Goldenson

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Leonard Goldenson on the impact of Roots

Louis Gossett, Jr.

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Louis Gossett, Jr. on appearing with James Garner in the feature film "Skin Game," and on appearing in socially-conscious projects
Louis Gossett, Jr. on the impact producer Norman Lear had on opportunities for African-American actors in television
Louis Gossett, Jr. on doing research to play "Fiddler" in Roots, and why the character was a breakthrough for him in terms of his acting process
Louis Gossett, Jr. on filming the "my name is Toby" scene in Roots, and on using the line "there's gonna be another day" (which he improvised) with Alex Haley's permission
Louis Gossett, Jr. on the legacy of Roots
Louis Gossett, Jr. on the role of the actor in society, and how the arts can help or harm
Louis Gossett, Jr. on being the second black actor to win an Oscar, and on what it meant to his career
Louis Gossett, Jr. on how things have changed for African-American actors since he started

Curt Gowdy

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Curt Gowdy on international broadcasters

Walter E. Grauman

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Director Walter Grauman on losing his Asian extras at 4 PM, while shooting the TV movie The Forgotten Man

Robert Guillaume

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Robert Guillaume on the difficulty of black actors getting on television
Robert Guillaume on his pursuit to be funny without being a buffoon or playing a part with "dignity" on Soap
Robert Guillaume on not emphasizing racial issues directly with his character "Benson" on Soap; but finding ways to make a statement his first television role on Julia
Robert Guillaume on audience response to his character "Benson" on Soap
Robert Guillaume on how the show Benson and the main character were categorized
Robert Guillaume on other African-American actors on television in the late 1970s and early 1980s
Robert Guillaume on multiculturalism 

Monty Hall

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Monty Hall on the diversity of Let's Make a Deal contestants

Donald Hall

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Donald Hall on Hallmark Hall of Fame's presentation of "Green Pastures"

Winifred Hervey

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Winifred Hervey on getting accepted to the Warner Bros. Writing Workshop
Winifred Hervey on becoming story editor for The New Odd Couple and rewriting original scripts from The Odd Couple to tailor them to African-American performers
Winifred Hervey on efforts made to diversify the writing staff of Benson  
Winifred Hervey on not loving to do "issues shows" on The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air
Winifred Hervey on her biggest challenge in the business - being female and a minority
Winifred Hervey on the representation of African-Americans on television
Winifred Hervey on opportunities for women and minorities in writing

Arthur Hiller

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Arthur Hiller on the list of "don't dos" they had from the sponsors and the network on NBC Matinee Theater, and a near-controversy when he cast an African American actor as a doctor

Ellen Holly

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Ellen Holly on how typecasting boxes in actors, particularly African-Americans
Ellen Holly on the difficulties faced by an African-American actress who is considered "too light"
Ellen Holly on writing "The New York Times" article "How Black Do You Have to Be?" and on the reaction to it
Ellen Holly on guest-starring on Dr. Kildare, and on having to wear make-up to make her skin appear darker for the show
Ellen Holly on her groundbreaking early storyline on One Life to Live, where she was the first black actress to play a central character on a daytime drama, and on working with the crew of the show and show creator Agnes Nixon
Ellen Holly on her difficulties renewing her One Life to Live contract after the first year
Ellen Holly on going to bat for One Life to Live producer Doris Quinlan
Ellen Holly on the fallout from her going to bat for One Life to Live producer Doris Quinlan
Ellen Holly on her difficulties playing opposite the actor who portrayed "Dr. Jack Scott" on One Life to Live, which led to her first exit from the show
Ellen Holly on her and Lillian Hayman being fired from One Life to Live by producer Paul Rauch
Ellen Holly on coming to a late realization about One Life to Live and about Agnes Nixon
Ellen Holly on finally learning why she was chosen to be on One Life to Live by producer Agnes Nixon and ABC executive Brandon Stoddard
Ellen Holly on having been the focus of the first year of One Life to Live, and on the producers' fears of it becoming a "black show"

James Hong

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James Hong on how little change he's seen in the types of roles offered Asian-Americans in his lifetime
James Hong on the cliched/novelty roles offered to Asian-American actors
Actor James Hong the criticisms of David Carradine's depiction of an Asian character on Kung Fu

Silvio Horta

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Silvio Horta on the Latino heritage and social class of Ugly Betty

Eddie Foy III

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Eddie Foy III on casting Julia

Gwen Ifill

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Gwen Ifill on knowing she wanted to be a journalist at age nine and seeing a role model who was African-American
Gwen Ifill on being the first female and first African-American to moderate Washington Week

Julie Ann Johnson

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Julie Ann Johnson on the changes she's trying to make in the stunt industry to improve safety, and also for minorities and women

Robert Johnson

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Robert Johnson on broadcast networks and the black community

Quincy Jones

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Quincy Jones on first working on Holllywood films
Quincy Jones on the impact of Roots

Robert Justman

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Robert Justman on the development of Star Trek: The Next Generation

Irma Kalish

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Irma and Rocky Kalish on being white writers on an all-black show, Good Times; on how they adapted to their cast

Rocky Kalish

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Irma and Rocky Kalish on being white writers on an all-black show, Good Times; on how they adapted to their cast

Hal Kanter

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Hal Kanter on how his show Julia originated out of his feeling a responsibility to help the image of Black Americans

Asaad Kelada

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Asaad Kelada on challenges breaking into the TV industry

Ernest Kinoy

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Ernest Kinoy on The Defenders  episode "The Non-Violent" and the Civil Rights movement
Ernest Kinoy on the public reaction to Roots  and its impact on the Civil Rights movement
Ernest Kinoy on the legacy of Roots and Roots: The Next Generations

Eartha Kitt

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Eartha Kitt on being an African-American performer on television in the 1950s
 Eartha Kitt on dealing with racism in television

Mario Kreutzberger

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Mario Kreutzberger on working for the biggest minority in the US vs. representing a whole country in Chile; on how the content of Sabado Gigante "has to go with the needs of the community"

John Langley

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John Langley on working to reverse negative stereotyping of people of color as criminal suspects (and hitting their demo) on Cops, by going against the grain of actual percentages

Gene LeBell

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Gene LeBell on doing stunts for black actors

Norman Lear

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Norman Lear on what prompted him to create shows about upwardly mobile black families with Good Times and The Jeffersons

Sheldon Leonard

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Producer Sheldon Leonard on the classic Dick Van Dyke Show episode "That's My Boy?" (airdate: September 25, 1963)
Producer Sheldon Leonard on the impact of casting of Bill Cosby in I Spy

Loretta Long

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Loretta Long on the power of television, and on the impact that her character of "Susan" on Sesame Street has had on black television characters

Sonia Manzano

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Sonia Manzano on watching TV as a child and not seeing "herself" depicted in the media
Sonia Manzano on being cast on Sesame Street
Sonia Manzano on writing Sesame Street stories on cultural change
Sonia Manzano on the difficulty for an Hispanic actor to find non-stereotypical roles

Ann Marcus

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Ann Marcus on her attempt to integrate the cast of Peyton Place
Ann Marcus on her attempt to integrate the cast of Peyton Place

Bob Markell

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Bob Markell on the pressure on Robert Hooks in the 1960's while working on N.Y.P.D.

Garry Marshall

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Garry Marshall on network censorship experienced writing the I Spy episode "No Exchange on Damaged Merchandise" (airdate: November 10, 1965)
Garry Marshall on The New Odd Couple, which used the original series' scripts with an African-American cast
Garry Marshall on the lack of African-American characters on Happy Days

Jerry Mathers

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Jerry Mathers on the classic Leave it to Beaver episode: "Beaver and Chuey" which featured minorities on television

S. Epatha Merkerson

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S. Epatha Merkerson on experiencing racism as a college student in Indiana
S. Epatha Merkerson on the excitement of seeing black people on television when she was young
S. Epatha Merkerson on wearing a wig to cover her natural hair when portraying her Law & Order character "Lt. Anita Van Buren"
S. Epatha Merkerson on whether opportunities for black women on television have changed over the years

Newton N. Minow

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Newton Minow on an argument he had at public station WTTW in Chicago during the 1970 development of the first Black-produced television drama B irds of the Iron Feather, where Jesse Jackson and other Civil Rights leaders demanded an all-Black crew

John Moffitt

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John Moffitt on how The Ed Sullivan Show reflected the Civil Rights Movement

Ricardo Montalban

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Ricardo Montalban on the portrayal of Mexicans in film and television
Ricardo Montalban on Gene Lockhart's advice to him about maintaining an acting career
Ricardo Montalban on his Emmy-winning performance as an American Indian in How the West was Won
Ricardo Montalban on playing his characters with dignity
Ricardo Montalban on the founding of Nosotros

Leslie Moonves

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Leslie Moonves on the controversy over dividing the teams on the reality show Survivor by race

Rita Moreno

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Rita Moreno on the stereotypical roles she played in filmed TV in the 1950s
Rita Moreno on her attempts to create an accent for the Native American roles she played in 1950s television

Garrett Morris

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Garrett Morris on being the only black cast member on Saturday Night Live and other shows
Garrett Morris on the representation of minorities on cable TV versus network TV

Michael Moye

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Michael Moye on the not-so-diverse writing staff of Good Times
Michael Moye on whether or not he experienced racism in the television industry
Michael Moye on hiring diverse writers
Michael Moye on some people seeing racism where he does not

Nichelle Nichols

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Nichelle Nichols on how Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. persuaded her to remain on Star Trek
Nichelle Nichols describes her character "Uhura" on Star Trek; how the studio didn't want a black female character on the series; Gene Rodenberry defended it as "that's what America looks like"
Nichelle Nichols on the famous Star Trek scene where her character kisses William Shatner's character in TV's first interracial kiss; the response from the South

Leonard Nimoy

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Leonard Nimoy on his penchant for playing ethnic roles in his early TV career
Leonard Nimoy on Star Trek producer Gene Roddenberry's description of "Spock" and the concern that "Spock's" initial skin coloring of red might read black on black and white TV sets

Agnes Nixon

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Agnes Nixon on the groundbreaking "Carla Grey passing as white" story on One Life to Live

Carroll O'Connor

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Carroll O'Connor on receiving accommodation from the NAACP for casting African-American actors on In the Heat of the Night

Edward James Olmos

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Edward James Olmos on the future of Latinos on television
Edward James Olmos on the ongoing lack of diversity on television and in movies

Bernie Orenstein

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Bernie Orenstein on lectures he gives on the influence of African Americans in television

Roscoe Orman

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Roscoe Orman on his awareness of the lack of diversity on television during his childhood
Roscoe Orman on "Gordon's" relationship with "Susan" on Sesame Street

Dick Van Patten

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Dick Van Patten on issues Eight is Enough dealt with throughout the series

Timothy Van Patten

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Timothy Van Patten on diversity on The White Shadow

Maury Povich

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Maury Povich on co-anchoring news in Los Angeles with future wife Connie Chung; on her start at CBS
Connie Chung and Maury Povich on Chung as a trailblazer

David Pressman

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Director David Pressman on some of the social issues covered on One Live to Live

Jorge Ramos

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Jorge Ramos on interviewing President Obama and pressing him on immigration reform
Jorge Ramos on Univision covering presidential politics and its importance to the Latino community
Jorge Ramos on hosting an English-language show for Fusion
Jorge Ramos on what he hopes to achieve with his influence 
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on what separates Univision from other news gathering organizations 
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on issues that are important to them personally 
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on Univision's role in the 2008, 2012 and then-upcoming 2016 elections 
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on the emergence of Latino candidates in presidential elections
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on changes they've seen in television journalism and Spanish news
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on the then-future of Spanish-language news and Latino journalists
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on dream projects or goals in the then-future

Phylicia Rashad

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Phylicia Rashad on her role as "Courtney Wright" on One Life to Live in the early 1980s, and how character Asa Buchanan (played by Philip Carey) appeared to have been married at some point to every character but her's
Phylicia Rashad on how The Cosby Show reflected reality

Marian Rees

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Marian Rees on producing The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman
Marian Rees on executive producing Ruby Bridges
Marian Rees on the African-American crew on Ruby Bridges  and gaining Ruby Bridges' trust
Marian Rees on the Norman Rockwell painting on which Ruby Bridges  was based and recreating it
Marian Rees on public reaction and the educational benefits of Masterpiece Theatre's American Collection's "Almost a Woman"

Gene Reynolds

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Gene Reynolds on how African-Americans were depicted on Room 222

John Rich

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John Rich on casting Mike Evan as "Lionel Jefferson" on All in the Family
Director John Rich on Sammy Davis Jr.'s suggestion, as a guest on The Tonight Show, that he would make a funny guest star on All in the Family (leading to his appearance on the classic episode "Sammy's Visit")

Hank Rieger

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Hank Rieger on publicity for NBC shows starring African- Americans
Hank Rieger on NBC's African-American executives

Al Roker

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Al Roker on being one of the only African-Americans on camera in the Syracuse area when he was in college

Meta Rosenberg

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Meta Rosenberg on developing the series Julia starring Diahann Carroll

Aaron Ruben

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Aaron Ruben on why "Gomer Pyle" didn't go to Vietnam and why there were no African-American's in Mayberry on The Andy Griffith Show
Aaron Ruben on developing, casting, and producing Sanford & Son

Maria Elena Salinas

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Maria Elena Salinas on how identifying with two cultures informed her news reporting
Maria Elena Salinas on the state of Hispanic news when she started
Maria Elena Salinas on appealing to different aspects of the Latino community
Maria Elena Salinas on interviewing then-governor Pete Wilson about his stance on immigration issues for California 
Maria Elena Salinas on covering immigration and doing advocacy journalism 
Maria Elena Salinas on being called "the most recognized and trusted Hispanic newswomen in America"
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on what separates Univision from other news gathering organizations
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on issues that are important to them personally
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on Univision's role in the 2008, 2012 and then-upcoming 2016 elections
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on the emergence of Latino candidates in presidential elections
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on changes they've seen in television journalism and Spanish news
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on the then-future of Spanish-language news and Latino journalists
Jorge Ramos and Maria Elena Salinas on dream projects or goals in the then-future

Jay Sandrich

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Jay Sandrich on the thrill of having the number one show in American be about an African American family (The Cosby Show)

Isabel Sanford

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Isabel Sanford on The Jeffersons legacy within the African-American community

Joseph Sargent

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Joseph Sargent on casting black extras on Gunsmoke

Bob Schiller

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Bob Schiller and Bob Weiskopf on racial issues on Maude

Herbert S. Schlosser

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Herbert S. Schlosser on his role in getting more African-Americans on television with shows like I Spy and Julia
Herbert S. Schlosser on programming Julia, and on African-American representation on television

Robert Schuller

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Robert Schuller on dealing with Civil Rights and racism on Hour of Power

Esther Shapiro

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Richard and Esther Shapiro on writing the made-for-TV movie Minstrel Man

Richard Shapiro

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Richard and Esther Shapiro on writing the made-for-TV movie Minstrel Man

Jack Shea

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Jack Shea on diversity on television during the era of Sanford and Son
Jack Shea on diversity within the DGA

Abby Singer

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Abby Singer on dealing with Affirmative action as a production manager

John Singleton

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John Singleton on The Arsenio Hall Show being the only variety show that would put on hip hop and R&B artists at that time
John Singleton on directing Michael Jackson's "Remember the Time" music video, and his vision for putting Michael Jackson with "a whole bunch of black people"
John Singleton on how opportunities for African Americans in entertainment have changed over the course of his career

Gary Smith

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Gary Smith on working with Sammy Davis, Jr. and on working with African-American performers

Tom Smothers

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Tom and Dick Smothers on their dealings with CBS, their firing, and their thoughts about the larger political issues which may have contributed to the demise of The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour

Dick Smothers

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Tom and Dick Smothers on their dealings with CBS, their firing, and their thoughts about the larger political issues which may have contributed to the demise of The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour

Lynn Stalmaster

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Lynn Stalmaster on the risks taken with Roots and portrayl of minorities on network television, and how it changed

Nick Stewart

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Nick Stewart on performing for both black and white audiences on the Vaudeville circuit
Nick Stewart on black performers and the type of comedy they practiced
Nick Stewart on the NAACP protests of Amos 'N' Andy
Nick Stewart on the end of Amos 'N' Andy  due to protests from the NAACP (Part 2)
Nick Stewart on how race relations affected the television industry
Nick Stewart on the then-current state of African-Americans on television 

George Takei

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George Takei on being confined to an American internment camp during World War II 
George Takei on the dearth of Asians in the entertainment industry early in his career
George Takei on Gene Roddenberry envisioning diversity as the strength of the Star Trek crew
George Takei on being an Asian-American actor

William Tankersley

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William Tankersley on how CBS Program Practices handled Civil Rights storylines on TV shows in the 1950s

Studs Terkel

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Studs Terkel on the subject matter of episodes of Studs' Place, including a guest appearance by Mahalia Jackson

Tony Thomas

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Tony Thomas on the black community's reaction to Benson and its cancellation

Grant Tinker

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Grant Tinker on diversity on television in the 1960s
Grant Tinker on the lack of diversity in television

Leslie Uggams

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Leslie Uggams on appearing on The Paul Whiteman TV Teen Club as a child and not being allowed to win a car on the show because an African American boy had already won one on the show
Leslie Uggams on getting recognized on the street after appearing on Sing Along with Mitch and the extra pressure she felt as an African American woman in the spotlight
Leslie Uggams on the pushback from the network to her being on Sing Along with Mitch because she was African American and how Mitch Miller stood up for her
Leslie Uggams on discrimination she faced early in her career and barriers she broke down by appearing on Sing Along with Mitch
Leslie Uggams on the role television played in the Civil Rights Movement
Leslie Uggams on how The Leslie Uggams Show came about and her efforts to have a diverse crew and writing staff
Leslie Uggams on the success of Roots and what it taught Americans about their own history

James Wall

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James Wall on being initially turned down by CBS when he applied for a stage manager position at the network

Malcolm-Jamal Warner

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Malcolm-Jamal Warner on what he believes The Cosby Show  was trying to achieve
Malcolm-Jamal Warner on black culture on The Cosby Show
Malcolm-Jamal Warner on how the portrayal of Black Americans has changed since he started acting

Keenen Ivory Wayans

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Keenen Ivory Wayans on battling racism with humor at a young age ("Call me Mr. Nigger")
Keenen Ivory Wayans on how he handled hot-button issues on In Living Colo r with his writing staff; on writing about the riots between the Black and Jewish communities in Brooklyn in a takeoff on "West Side Story"
Keenen Ivory Wayans on an In Living Color  sketch about black men being an endangered species and on dealing with censorship at the network
Keenen Ivory Wayans on how the portrayal of African-Americans has changed on TV

Bob Weiskopf

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Bob Schiller and Bob Weiskopf on racial issues on Maude

Tom Werner

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Marcy Carsey and Tom Werner on the Cosby spin-off A Different World and the awareness the program brought to black colleges

Susan Whiting

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Susan Whiting on diversity in Nielsen samples

Joseph M. Wilcots

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Joseph M. Wilcots on being the first African-American to join the camera union
Joseph M. Wilcots on being the first African-American in the camera operators union
Joseph M. Wilcots on how things changed for black cinematographers during his career

Larry Wilmore

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Larry Wilmore on the writers of The PJs, and on the diversity of the writing staff
Larry Wilmore on changes he's seen in for African-Americans in television

Ethel Winant

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Ethel Winant on dealing with the network on casting blacklisted actors and minorities on television in the '50s
Ethel Winant on difficulties she encountered in casting minority actors for shows like Playhouse 90 and The United States Steel Hour's production of "Doomsday at Noon"

David L. Wolper

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David Wolper on the origin of Roots and finding out about Alex Haley's book, and the development of the hit miniseries

Leo Yoshimura

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Leo Yoshimura on the persistent lack of representation of Asian Americans on television
Leo Yoshimura on playing "Sulu" in several Star Trek parodies on Saturday Night Live over the years, and on lack of representation of Japanese people on television

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